Third Sunday in October/Twenty-first Sunday after Pentecost

The first nocturn readings at Matins this Sunday are from 1 Maccabees 9:1 – 20, which deals with Judas Maccabeus’ heroic last stand against Bacchides: confronted with the size of the enemy force, many of his men deserted; Judas insisted on taking the field nonetheless.  The antiphon for the Magnificat at I Vespers recalls Israel’s mourning for him.


The Gospel, referred to in the Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons, is Matthew 18:23-35, the Parable of the unforgiving servant.

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