Ordo for December 2013


This calendar has been prepared in accordance with the calendar and rubrics provided in the Breviarium Monasticum summorm pontificum cura recognitum pro omnibus sub regula S. P. Benedicti militantibus, issued by the Abbot Primate at Rome on 1 January 1963.

Individual monasteries may, however, observe their own Ordos and use rubrics that differ somewhat from those specified in the Monastic Breviary. 

In addition to the feasts specified in the calendar, it will be necessary to add in any local feasts particular to the monastery, parish, diocese and country. In particular, this should include (where they have been appointed) the:
• principal patron of the country, region or province as a Class I;
• principal patron of the diocese or territory;
• anniversary of the dedication of the Cathedral of the diocese;
• patron of the town or city;
• anniversary of the dedication of the church;
• titular feast of the church;
• patron saint of the congregation or monastery;
• feast of the monasteries founder (if canonised or beatified); and
• saints specified in the calendar of the monastery's congregation.

While the Benedictine Calendar generally follows the structure of the 1962 Roman Extraordinary Form (EF) Calendar, the monastic calendar omits some feasts to be found in the Roman calendar and adds others. 

In addition, feasts may be of different levels: many third class feasts in the 1962 Roman calendar for example, appear in the Benedictine as memorials only.  Cross-references to the Roman Extraordinary Form (EF) calendar have been included where the Mass of the day is likely to be different to that specified in the Benedictine calendar.

Page references labeled MD are to the Monastic Diurnal published by Farnborough Abbey in accordance with those rubrics.  Note that the Diurnal is not page numbered sequentially, but differentiates sections of the book by use of asterisks, square brackets and so forth. 

Matins is not included in the Diurnal, but occasional notes (generally where the hour does not follow the normal pattern) have been included here for the benefit of those who use other books to say that hour.

This Ordo is intended as an aid to those who wish to say the Benedictine Office using the order of the psalms and prayers as specified in St Benedict’s Rule and developed as part of the patrimony of the Order of St Benedict. Every effort has been made to make this Ordo as accurate as possible, but if any errors are identified, please advise the author at australiaincognita@gmail.com.



DECEMBER 2013


Sunday 1 December – First Sunday of Advent, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn, antiphons and readings of Sunday I in Advent

Lauds: Proper antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn etc, MD 4* ff with Psalm schema 1 (50, 117, 62)

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 6* ff

Vespers: Proper texts as for I Vespers, MD 1* except for Magnificat antiphon, MD 8*; with psalms of Sunday

Ordinary of the Office in Advent up to 17 December

The Ordinary for the Office in Advent is set out in the Monastic Diurnal at 8-17*.

In general, Sundays in Advent are all first class, with their own proper antiphons and proper texts (chapter etc).  The Lauds antiphons are used from I Vespers of Saturday until II Vespers, using the normal principles (that is, the fourth antiphon is omitted at Vespers; the first antiphon is used at Prime, the second at Terce, etc, skipping the fourth as usual). These antiphons are then used for the minor hours throughout that week (MD 13*ff puts them together to make it easier to find the right antiphon for the relevant hour).

The ordinary days of Advent are of the third class. As usual, the collects are from the previous Sunday (with the exception of the Ember days in week three of Advent, which have their own particular collects).

On days when a feast is celebrated (such as the Immaculate Conception) a commemoration of Advent (canticle antiphon, versicle and collect, said after the collect of the feast) is always made at both Lauds and Vespers. 

Lauds and Vespers: Have canticle antiphons set for each day.  Note also that the chapter, hymn, responsory etc are from the Ordinary of Advent (MD 9*; 15*);

Prime to None: Have antiphons for each week of Advent, set out at MD 13* ff.  At Terce to None, the chapter and versicle are for the season, also set out in the psalter section of the Diurnal.

Monday 2 December – Monday in the first week of Advent, Class III; St Peter Chrysologus, memorial [EF: St Bibiana]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 17*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration, MD [8]

Prime: Antiphon for week I, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphon for Advent wk I, MD 13* ff; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 17*; collect, MD 11*

Tuesday 3 December – Tuesday in the first week of Advent, Class III; St Francis Xavier, memorial

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Tuesday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration, MD [9]

Prime: Antiphon for week I, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphon for Advent wk I, MD 13*ff; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Tuesday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*

For St Francis Xavier as a Class I feast, see MD 1**

Wednesday 4 December – Wednesday in the first week of Advent, Class III [EF: St Peter Chrysologus]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Wednesday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon for week I, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphon for Advent wk I, MD 13* ff; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Wednesday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*

Thursday 5 December – Thursday in the first week of Advent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Thursday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon for week I, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphon for Advent wk I, MD 13* ff; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Thursday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*

Friday 6 December – Friday in the first week of Advent, Class III; St Nicholas, memorial

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Friday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 19*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration, MD [9]-[10]

Prime: Antiphon for week I, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphon for Advent wk I, MD 13* ff; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Friday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 19*; collect, MD 11*

Saturday 7 December - St Ambrose, Class III

Matins: Third reading of the feast; Chapter verse for a Confessor Bishop

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Saturday; chapter etc from Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64); collect, MD [10]. For the commemoration of the feria: versicle, MD 11*; canticle antiphon, MD 19*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts (as appropriate) from Common of a Confessor Bishop with psalms of Saturday; collect, MD [10]

I Vespers of the Immaculate Conception, MD [11] ff with a commemoration of the Second Sunday of Advent, MD 21-22*

Sunday 8 December – The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class I 

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and rest from MD [13] ff.  For the commemoration of Advent 2, MD 24*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast

Vespers: Psalms of I Vespers of the BVM, MD (119); antiphons and rest of the feast, MD [11] ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD [17]. For the commemoration of the Advent 2, MD 26*

Monday 9 December – Monday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 26-7*; collect, MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon for week II, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphon for Advent wk II, MD 13* ff; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Tuesday 10 December – Tuesday in the second week of Advent, Class III [**in some places, Blessed Mark Barkworth, John Roberts and companions, memorial]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Tuesday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon for week II, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons of Advent wk II, MD 13* ff; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Tuesday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Wednesday 11 December – Wednesday in the second week of Advent, Class III; St Damasus, memorial [ in some places: Our Lady of Guadeloupe]

Psalms of Wednesday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None: antiphons of wk II); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons, MD 27*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [17]-[18]

Thursday 12 December – Thursday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Psalms of Thursday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None: antiphons of wk II); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons, MD 27*-28*

Friday 13 December – St Lucy, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts of the feast, MD [18] ff with festal psalms; commemoration of the feria MD 24*/28*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds

Terce to None: Antiphons and collect of Lauds; chapter etc of the feast; psalms of Friday

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds, psalms, chapter, responsory and hymn from Common of Virgins, MD (84); commemoration of the feria, MD 11*/28*

Saturday 14 December - Class III

Psalms of Saturday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk II); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphon MD 28*

I Vespers of Third Sunday in Advent, MD 28* ff

Sunday 15 December – Third Sunday of Advent, Class I (Gaudete Sunday)

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 31*ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62); collect (except at Prime), MD 11* or MD 31* or MD 33*

Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 28* except for canticle antiphon, MD 35* with Sunday psalms

Monday 16 December – Monday in the third week of Advent, Class III [EF: St Eusebius]

Psalms of Monday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk III); collect (Sunday III), MD 11*; canticle antiphon, MD 41*-42*

Office in Advent between December 17 and 23

The days between December 17 and 23 are Class II ferias, and reflecting this, the liturgy intensifies.

Lauds to Vespers: A set of antiphons for the psalms each day of the week are used, set out at MD 37* ff
Lauds: Note that a couple of the Benedictus antiphons are said on specific dates (see MD 41*).
Vespers: The 'O Antiphons' (MD 35*) are sung with the Magnificat, displacing the Magnificat antiphon that would otherwise be said on these days (in the third week of Advent).


 Tuesday 17 December – Tuesday in the third week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Psalms of Tuesday with antiphons of the day, MD 37-38*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 42*; collect (Sunday III), MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Tuesday, MD 37*-38*

Terce to None: Psalms of Tuesday with antiphons, MD 38*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Psalms of Tuesday with Antiphons, MD 37* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Sapientia, MD 35*

Wednesday 18 December – Ember Wednesday of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Psalms of Wednesday with antiphons of the day, MD 38-9*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 42*; collect, MD 42*-43*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Wednesday, MD 38*

Terce to None:  Psalms for throughout the week with antiphons, MD 38*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 42*-43*

Vespers: Psalms of Wednesday with Antiphons, MD 38*-39* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Adonai, MD 35*; collect, MD 42*-43*

Thursday 19 December – Thursday in the third week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Psalms of Thursday with antiphons of the day, MD 39*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 43*; collect (Sunday III), MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Thursday, MD 39*

Terce to None: Psalms for throughout the week with antiphons, MD 39*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Psalms of Thursday with Antiphons, MD 39* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O radix Jesse, MD 36*

Friday 20 December – Ember Friday of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Psalms of Friday with antiphons of the day, MD 39-40*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 44*; collect, MD 44*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Friday, MD 39*

Terce to None:  Psalms for throughout the week with antiphons, MD 40*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 44*

Vespers: Psalms of Friday with Antiphons, MD 39-40* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O clavis David, MD 36*; collect, MD 44*

Saturday 21 December – St Thomas, Apostle, Class II; commemoration of Ember Saturday in Advent

All as in the Common of Apostles, MD (9), except for the Canticle antiphons, MD [22] and collect, MD [23]

Lauds: Commemoration of the feria: versicle, MD 11*; Nolite timere, MD 43*; collect, MD 45*

I Vespers for the fourth Sunday of Advent, MD 45*ff; O Antiphon for the Magnificat, O Oriens, MD 36*

Sunday 22 December – Fourth Sunday of Advent, Class I

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 48* ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62)

Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 45* except for O Antiphon for Magnificat, O Rex gentium MD 36*

Monday 23 December – Monday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Psalms of Monday with antiphons of the day, MD 37*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD9* ff; Benedictus antiphon (Ecce Completa Sunt), MD 45*; collect (Sunday IV), MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Monday, MD 37*

Terce to None: Psalms for Monday with antiphons, MD 37*; texts of Advent, MD 14*ff; collect, MD 12*

Vespers: Psalms of Monday with Antiphons, MD 37* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Emmanuel, MD 36*

Tuesday 24 December - Vigil of the Nativity, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings of the feast; antiphons and psalms of Tuesday; readings of the feast

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday, MD 44 with antiphons and proper texts, MD 54* ff

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD 54* with Tuesday psalms

Terce to None: Tuesday psalms with antiphons and texts, MD 57* ff

CHRISTMASTIDE

I Vespers of the Nativity of Our Lord, MD 58* ff  (Sunday psalms with antiphons and texts from MD 58* ff)

Wednesday 25 December – The Nativity of Our Lord, Class I with a II Class Octave

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts, festal psalms, MD 61* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 64* ff

Vespers: Antiphons, psalms and proper texts, MD 65* ff

Thursday 26 December – St Stephen, Protomartyr, Class II

Matins: Common of martyrs except for the Invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings (of the feast)

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts with festal psalms, commemoration of the Octave, MD 83* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons, MD 83* ff

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Nativity, MD 65* (note alternating days on 4th psalm); proper texts, MD 87* ff

Friday 27 December – St John the Evangelist, Class II

Matins: Common of Apostles except for the readings and responsories (of the feast)

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts with festal psalms, commemoration of the Octave, MD 90* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons, etc, MD 90* ff

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Nativity, MD 65* (note alternating days on 4th psalm); proper texts, MD 94* ff

Saturday 28 December - Holy Innocents, Class II

Matins: Common of several martyrs, except for the invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings (of the feast)

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts with festal psalms, commemoration of the Octave, MD 97* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons, etc MD 97* ff

Vespers: I Vespers of Sunday within the Octave.  Psalms and antiphons of the Nativity, MD 65* rest from MD 101* ff

Sunday 29 December – Sunday within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II [in some places, St Thomas Beckett, Class I]

Matins: as for the Nativity except for the readings and responsories

Lauds to None: MD 77* ff

Vespers of the Nativity, MD 65*; Magnificat antiphon, MD 82*

Monday 30 December – Sixth Day within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds to None: Psalms of Monday with antiphons and proper texts of the Nativity

Vespers: of the Nativity, MD 65* (Antiphon 4: De Fructu)

Tuesday 31 December – Seventh Day within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II; commemoration of St Sylvester I

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds: festal psalms with rest of the Nativity, MD 61* ff; for the commemoration, MD 103*-104*

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts of Nativity

I Vespers of the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lord, MD 104* ff: Antiphons and proper texts of the feast with psalms from Common of feasts of the BVM, MD (119)

6 comments:

Brian M said...

Dear Kate, did you recently change the observance of the Immaculate Conception on this Ordo? I thought you had it on the Monday when last I looked. Is it the case that Advent II as a II class feast does not displace the IC, which is a I? Thanks as always--PAX, Brian

Kate Edwards said...

Well picked Brian!

Yes, doing a look through for proofreading purposes realised I'd incorrectly displaced it.

In the case of two Class I feasts, the rubrics in the MD (and MB) do seem suggest it should be transferred, but since the EF 1962 rules have it displace the Sunday, and most people (and monasteries) seem to be following that, I've decided to keep the Ordo in line!

Brian M said...

Dear Kate, a monk friend of mine just found the following in the General Rubrics of the Breviarium Monasticum (1963), §15:

"In a case of occurrence, a Sunday of the 1st class is preferred to any feast whatsoever. The feast of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, however, is preferred to the Sunday of Advent on which it may occur."

Kate Edwards said...

Ah! Glad to know it was buried there somewhere, thanks.

Br. Maximilian said...


Dear Ms. Edwards,
I am in my second year as an Oblate of Clear Creek Abbey in Oklahoma. I want you to know your site has been so very helpful to me as I learn my way around the diurnal. Evan at a distance I have been able to pray in the correct manner with my brothers and it is all because of you.
May God bless you for this important ministry you have been called to.
I wish you a very Happy New Year.

Kate Edwards said...

Thank you, glad to be of help.