Ordo for March 2013


This calendar has been prepared in accordance with the calendar and rubrics provided in the Breviarium Monasticum summorm pontificum cura recognitum pro omnibus sub regula S. P. Benedicti militantibus, issued by the Abbot Primate at Rome on 1 January 1963.

It should be noted, however, that individual monasteries may observe their own Ordos and use rubrics that differ somewhat from those specified in the Monastic Breviary.

Moreover, in addition to the feasts specified in the calendar, it will be necessary to add in any local feasts particular to the monastery, parish, diocese and country. In particular, this should include (where they have been appointed) the:

• principal patron of the country, region or province as a Class I;
• principal patron of the diocese or territory;
• anniversary of the dedication of the Cathedral of the diocese;
• patron of the town or city;
• anniversary of the dedication of the church;
• titular feast of the church;
• patron saint of the congregation or monastery;
• feast of the monasteries founder (if canonised or beatified); and
• saints specified in the calendar of the monastery's congregation.

It should be noted that while the Benedictine Calendar generally follows the structure of the 1962 Roman Extraordinary Form (EF) Calendar, the monastic calendar omits some feasts to be found in the Roman calendar and adds others.  In addition, feasts may be of different levels: many third class feasts in the 1962 Roman calendar for example, appear in the Benedictine as memorials only.  Cross-references to the Roman Extraordinary Form (EF) calendar have been included where the Mass of the day is likely to be different to that specified in the Benedictine calendar.

Page references labeled MD are to the Monastic Diurnal published by Farnborough Abbey in accordance with those rubrics.  Note that the Diurnal is not page numbered sequentially, but differentiates sections of the book by use of asterisks, square brackets and so forth. 

Matins is not included in the Diurnal, but occasional notes (generally where the hour does not follow the normal pattern) have been included here for the benefit of those who use other books to say that hour.

This Ordo is intended as an aid to those who wish to say the Benedictine Office using the order of the psalms and prayers as specified in St Benedict’s Rule and developed as part of the patrimony of the Order of St Benedict. Every effort has been made to make this Ordo as accurate as possible, but if any errors are identified, please advise the author at australiaincognita@gmail.com.


Friday 1 March – Friday in the second week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 209*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 209*-210*

Saturday 2 March – Saturday in the second week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 210*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

I Vespers of the Third Sunday of Lent, MD 210* ff: antiphons and psalms of Saturday, rest from MD 210* ff

Sunday 3 March – Third Sunday of Lent, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons, MD 212* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62); chapter etc for the Sunday

Prime to None: Antiphons etc, MD 215*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers; versicle and Magnificat antiphon, MD 216*

Monday 4 March – Monday in the third week of Lent, Class III [EF: St Casimir]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*

Tuesday 5 March – Tuesday in the third week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*-218*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*
Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*

Wednesday 6 March - Wednesday in the third week of Lent, Class III; SS Perpetua and Felicitas, memorial

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*; for the commemoration, MD [74]

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*
Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*-219*

Thursday 7 March – Thursday in the third week of Lent, Class III; St Thomas Aquinas, memorial

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 219*; for the commemoration, MD [75]

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*
Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 219*-220*

Friday 8 March Friday in the third week of Lent, Class III [EF: St John of God]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 220*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*
Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 220*

Saturday 9 March – Saturday in the third week of Lent, Class III; St Frances of Rome, Memorial

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 220*-221*; for the commemoration, MD [75-76]

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapters and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: I Vespers of the Fourth Sunday of Lent: Antiphons and psalms of Saturday, rest from MD 221* ff

Sunday 10 March – Fourth Sunday of Lent (Laetare Sunday), Class I

Lauds: Antiphons etc, MD 223* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62)
Prime to None: Antiphons (and chapter verses etc), MD 226*-227*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter, hymn as per I Vespers; versicle and Magnificat antiphon MD 227*

Monday 11 March - Monday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 227*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 228*

Tuesday 12 March – St Gregory the Great OSB, Class II

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and proper texts of the feast, MD [77] ff; commemoration of the feria, MD 217*

Prime to None: Antiphons etc of the feast

Vespers: Psalms of II Vespers of a Confessor Bishop, MD (68) with antiphons of Lauds, rest from MD [81] ff; commemoration of the feria, MD 217*:

Wednesday 13 March – Wednesday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 229*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 229*-230*

Thursday 14 March – Thursday in the fourth week of Lent Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 230*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 230*

Friday 15 March – Friday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 230*-231*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-193*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193*-195*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 231*

Saturday 16 March – Saturday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 231*-232*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192*-193*; collect of Lauds.

PASSIONTIDE

The Ordinary of the Office during Passiontide

The Ordinary of the Passiontide ferial Office, used from the Monday after First Passion Sunday, is set out in the Farnborough edition of the Monastic Diurnal at MD 240* ff.

For those saying Matins (not in the Diurnal): the invitatory antiphon is for the season (Hodie si vocem Domini audieritis); the hymn is for the season of Lent and is the same each day (Pange lingua); the readings during the week are usually patristic sermons, relating to the Gospel of the Mass set for that day; and the chapter verse for Nocturn II is for the season (Jer 11:18-19).

At Prime to None: the antiphons, chapters and versicles are of the season of Passiontide, and can be found in the psalter section; the collect for Terce to None is the same as for Lauds of that day.
At Lauds and Vespers: chapters, hymns, etc of the season replace those in the psalter section; the responsories omit the Gloria Patri, instead repeating the opening verse; the canticle antiphons are proper for each day. They generally reflect the (EF) Gospel for the day; and there is a specific collect for both Lauds and Vespers each day.

It is also important to be aware that when a feast displaces the Lent texts, a commemoration of the day is made at both Lauds and Vespers using the respective collects, canticle antiphon and versicle that occurs before the relevant canticle at that hour.

I Vespers of Sunday, MD 232*: Psalms and antiphons of Saturday, rest from MD 232* ff

Sunday 17 March – First Passion Sunday, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons for the day, MD 234* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62); rest from MD 234* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons and chapter verses, MD 238*-239*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers, MD 234* ff; versicle and Magnificat antiphon MD 239* [NB Where St Patrick is Class I, make a commemoration of St Patrick]

Monday 18 March – Monday in first Passion Week, Class III; St Cyril, Memorial [***in some places, St Patrick, Class I]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for Passiontide, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 246*; for the commemoration, MD [83]

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Libera me), noted in the psalter and MD 242*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 242*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: I Vespers of St Josph or II Vespers of St patrick (where Class I)
For St Patrick, see MD 22**

Tuesday 19 March – St Joseph, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms with antiphons etc of the feast, MD [87] ff, with a commemoration of the feria, MD 247*-248*

Prime to None: Antiphons etc of the feast

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds; psalms from I Vespers of Apostles, MD (2); chapter etc from I Vespers of the feast, MD [84]; Magnificat antiphon, MD [91]; commemoration of the feria, MD 247*-248*

Wednesday 20 March – Wednesday in first Passion Week, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for Passiontide, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 246*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Libera me), noted in the psalter and MD 242*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 242*; collect of Lauds

I Vespers of St Benedict, MD [91] ff, with a commemoration of the feria, MD 248*

Thursday 21 March – St Benedict, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and texts of the feast; MD [91] ff; commemoration of the feria, MD 249*-250*

Prime to None: Antiphon etc of the feast

Vespers: As for I Vespers, MD [91]; Magnificat antiphon, MD [99]; commemoration of the feria, MD 249*-250*

Friday 22 March – Friday in first Passion Week, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for Passiontide, MD 240*ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 250*-251*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Libera me), noted in the psalter and MD 242*
Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 242*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 244*; Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 251*

Saturday 23 March – Saturday in first Passion Week, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for Passiontide, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 252*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Libera me), noted in the psalter and MD 242*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 242*; collect of Lauds.

HOLY WEEK

I Vespers of Palm Sunday: Antiphons and psalms of Saturday with chapter and rest from MD 252* ff

Sunday 24 March – Second Passion Sunday or Palm Sunday, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons for the day, MD 255* with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62); chapter etc for the day

Prime to None: Antiphons and chapter verses, MD 258*-260*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, MD 260*


The Office in Holy Week to Wednesday

The first days of Holy Week are all first class days:

For those who say it, Matins each day has two nocturns/three readings, with the invitatory antiphon and hymn of Passiontide.

Lauds to None have proper antiphons for each day, with other texts from the ordinary of Passiontide.

Vespers uses the usual antiphons from the psalter, with a proper canticle and collect.

Monday 25 March – Monday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 260*-261* with psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory and hymn of Passiontide, MD 240*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 261*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 260*) with psalms etc of Monday

Terce to None: Antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 260-1*; chapter and versicle for Passiontide, MD 242*-244*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244*-246*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 261*-262*

Tuesday 26 March - Tuesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 262* with psalms of Tuesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 263*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 262*) with psalms etc of Tuesday

Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 262*; chapter and versicle for Passiontide, MD 242*-244*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244*-246*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 263*

Wednesday 27 March – Wednesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 263*-264* with psalms of Wednesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 264*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 263*) with psalms etc of Wednesday

Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 264*; chapter and versicle for Passiontide, MD 242*-244*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244*-246*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 265*


THE SACRED TRIDUUM

The Office during the Triduum

The Office during the Triduum does not follow the normal form as set out in the psalter.  In addition, some of the Holy Week ceremonies include parts of the Office so that those who attend them do not need to sing or say those particular hours separately.

Matins and Lauds: The Office of Tenebrae, or Matins and Lauds, is a special feature of the Triduum. It is said in darkness, and a candle is extinguished as each of the psalms is said, and the Roman (EF) and Benedictine forms of this Office are identical.

The 1962 rubrics specify that Tenebrae is not be anticipated, or said the night before. As this generally makes public recitation of the Office impractical outside a monastery, it is generally ignored. Thus the normal practice is to perform Tenebrae for Maundy Thursday on Wednesday night, and so forth. Note that the Diurnal does not contain the Matins psalms for Tenebrae, so you will need to obtain these from elsewhere should you wish to say it in full.

If Tenebrae is sung in the evening, Compline should be said beforehand.

Prime to None: The psalms for Prime, Terce, Sext and None during the Triduum are set out on MD 279* ff. No introductory prayer or hymns are said, and the Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm. Each hour closes the antiphon ‘Christus factus est’ – each day of the Triduum, an additional phrase of the antiphon is added, as set out on MD 282*.

Vespers: Vespers (if said) is often said quite early, in order to make room for Tenebrae/the Easter Vigil. The antiphons and psalms for Vespers can be found on MD 296* ff.

Note that there are no introductory prayers; as for the other hours, the Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm; the first psalm on Holy Saturday is on MD 298*; antiphons for the Magnificat each day are on MD 303*; on Maundy Thursday and Good Friday, the antiphon Christus factus est is said; and on the concluding prayers for Holy Saturday, see MD 305*.

Compline: The rubrics for Compline from Maundy Thursday to Holy Saturday are set out on MD 305* ff. Note the addition of the Nunc Dimittis.

Thursday 28 March – Maundy Thursday, Class I

Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 265* ff
 Vespers are not said by those who attend the evening mass.

Compline is said according to the rubrics at MD 305* after the denudation of the altar, with extinguished candles and no chant.

Friday 29 March – Good Friday, Class I

See MD 309*-318*.  Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms etc for Prime to None are set out at MD 279* ff
  • ‘Mortem autem crucis’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD 282*; and
  • Compline as for Maundy Thursday, MD 305*
 Vespers is not said by those who attend the afternoon liturgy; if it is said, see MD 296*

Saturday 30 March – Holy Saturday, Class I

See MD 318*-326*.  Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 279* ff
  • Propter quod…’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD 282*
Vespers:  As per Maundy Thursday, MD 296* except for the first antiphon and Magnificat antiphon, MD 325*.  It may said any time after noon.
Compline: MD 325*

Sunday 31 March – Easter Sunday, Class I with a Class I Octave

See MD 328*-335*
Matins and Lauds are included in the Vigil, so do not need to be said by those who attended it. If Lauds is said, note Psalm scheme 2 (92, etc).
Compline: Marian Antiphon, Regina Caeli.



6 comments:

tim mccarthy said...

Terra,
Isn't March 1st, the friday in the second week ?

tim

Kate Edwards said...

Yes, thanks for alerting me and apologies! Friday and Saturday were labelled incorrectly, though the page references were correct. Now fixed!

Charles W. Brickner said...

Thank you for the blog. I am a retired diocesan priest and recently became a Camoldolese oblate. I want to use the O.S.B. calendar for my LoH. I'll say a prayer for you each time I refer to it.
Charlie

Brian M said...

May I ask why St. Joseph doesn't get I Vespers on the night of March 18, with commemoration of the feria?

Brian M said...

May I ask why St. Joseph doesn't get I Vespers with commemoration of the feria on March 18?

Kate Edwards said...

Thanks Charles.

And apologies Brian, an oversight.

It depends on whether you live in a place where Monday 18 is St patrick's Day as a solemnity. If it is, then II Vespers of St Patrcik has precedence.