Ordo for April 2015

This calendar (Ordo) for the traditional Benedictine Office has been prepared accordance with the calendar and rubrics of the Monastic Breviary of 1963 for use by all Benedictine monasteries and oblates attached to them.  This Ordo is intended as an aid to those who wish to say the Benedictine Office using the order of the psalms and prayers as specified in St Benedict’s Rule and developed as part of the patrimony of the Order of St Benedict.

Variations from the calendar

Individual monasteries may, however, observe their own Ordos and use rubrics that differ somewhat from those specified in the Monastic Breviary.

In addition to the feasts specified in the calendar, it will be necessary to add in any local feasts particular to the monastery, parish, diocese and country.

While the Benedictine Calendar generally follows the structure of the 1962 Roman Extraordinary Form (EF) Calendar, the monastic calendar, it does differ from it in some respects, and the calendar below generally indicates where there are feasts of the EF calendar that are omitted or celebrated differently in the Benedictine general calendar.

Monastic Diurnal

A number of Catholic and other books are available to say the Benedictine Divine Office in its traditional form and calendar.

These include the two volume 1963 Breviarium Monasticum (out of print), the Antiphonale Monasticum (containing the chants for the day hours and available through the monastery of Le Barroux and elsewhere), and books for the individual hours available through Clear Creek Abbey in the US and on lulu.

The most useful starting point for most people, however, will surely be the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey.  Originally intended for novices and those religious travelling outside the monastery, it provides the day hours (Lauds to Compline) in a parallel English/Latin text version with translations prepared by monks of that monastery in the first half of the twentieth century. The current edition is essentially the 1963 edition of that book, which carried an imprimatur.

Accordingly, the calendar provided here provides page references to the MD, and instructions on how to say the Benedictine Office using that book can also be found on the blog (see the right hand sidebar). Please note that the Diurnal is not page numbered sequentially, but differentiates sections of the book by use of asterisks, square brackets and so forth.

Matins is not included in the Diurnal, but occasional notes (generally where the hour does not follow the normal pattern) have been included here for the benefit of those who use other books to say that hour.

Key to abbreviations

MD=Monastic Diurnal
EF=Roman Extraordinary Form

If you have comments, questions or corrections to offer, please use the comment function on the blog or  contact the author at australiaincognita@gmail.com.


APRIL 2015

Wednesday April 1  – Wednesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 263-4* with psalms of Wednesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 264*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 263*) with psalms etc of Wednesday

Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 264*; chapter and versicle for Passiontide, MD 242* ff; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 265*

THE SACRED TRIDUUM

The Office during the Triduum

The Office during the Triduum does not follow the normal form as set out in the psalter.  In addition, some of the Holy Week ceremonies include parts of the Office so that those who attend them do not need to sing or say those particular hours separately.

Matins and Lauds: The Office of Tenebrae, or Matins and Lauds, is a special feature of the Triduum. It is said in darkness, and a candle is extinguished as each of the psalms is said, and the Roman (EF) and Benedictine forms of this Office are identical.

The 1962 rubrics specify that Tenebrae is not be anticipated, or said the night before. As this generally makes public recitation of the Office impractical outside a monastery, it is generally ignored. Thus the normal practice is to perform Tenebrae for Maundy Thursday on Wednesday night, and so forth. Note that the Diurnal does not contain the Matins psalms for Tenebrae, so you will need to obtain these from elsewhere should you wish to say it in full.

If Tenebrae is sung in the evening, Compline should be said beforehand.

Prime to None: The psalms for Prime, Terce, Sext and None during the Triduum are set out on MD 279* ff. No introductory prayer or hymns are said, and the Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm. Each hour closes the antiphon ‘Christus factus est’ – each day of the Triduum, an additional phrase of the antiphon is added, as set out on MD 282*.

Vespers: Vespers (if said) is often said quite early, in order to make room for Tenebrae/the Easter Vigil. The antiphons and psalms for Vespers can be found on MD 296* ff.

Note that there are no introductory prayers; as for the other hours, the Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm; the first psalm on Holy Saturday is on MD 298*; antiphons for the Magnificat each day are on MD 303*; on Maundy Thursday and Good Friday, the antiphon Christus factus est is said; and on the concluding prayers for Holy Saturday, see MD 305*.

Compline: The rubrics for Compline from Maundy Thursday to Holy Saturday are set out on MD 305* ff. Note the addition of the Nunc Dimittis.

Thursday April 2 –– Maundy Thursday, Class I

Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 265* ff
 Vespers are not said by those who attend the evening mass.

Compline is said according to the rubrics at MD 305* after the denudation of the altar, with extinguished candles and no chant.

Friday April 3 – Good Friday, Class I

See MD 309*ff.  Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms etc for Prime to None are set out at MD 279* ff
  • ‘Mortem autem crucis’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD 282*; and
  • Compline as for Maundy Thursday, MD 305*
 Vespers is not said by those who attend the afternoon liturgy; if it is said, see MD 296*

Saturday April 4 – Holy Saturday, Class I

See MD 318* ff.  Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 279* ff
  • Propter quod…’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD 282*

Vespers:  As per Maundy Thursday, MD 296* except for the first antiphon and Magnificat antiphon, MD 325*.  It may said any time after noon.

Compline: MD 325*

Sunday April 5 – Easter Sunday, Class I with a Class I Octave

Matins and Lauds are included in the Vigil, so do not need to be said by those who attended it. If Lauds is said, note Psalm scheme 2 (92, etc)

Prime to Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds with proper texts of the feast, MD 326* ff

Compline: Marian Antiphon, Regina Caeli henceforwad

Monday April 6 - Monday in the Octave of Easter, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons and collect, MD 335*

Tuesday April 7 – Tuesday in Octave of Easter, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons and collect, MD 336*

Wednesday April 8 - Wednesday in the Octave of Easter, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons, and collect, MD 336-7*

Thursday April 9 – Thursday in the Octave of Easter, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons and collect, MD 337*

Friday April 10 – Friday in the Octave of Easter, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons and collect, MD 337-8*

Saturday April 11 – White Saturday in the Octave of Easter, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons and collect, MD 338*
SEASON OF EASTERTIDE

I Vespers of Low Sunday, MD 339* ff

Ordinary of Eastertide

The Ordinary for Eastertide is set out at MD 346* ff.
Note especially that at:
. Lauds and Vespers, chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle are of the season, from the temporale and are not included in the psalter section;
Lauds and Vespers canticles have proper antiphons for each day of the week.

Sunday April 12 - Low Sunday, Class I 

Lauds: Three antiphons, MD 341* ff with festal psalms, ie Antiphon 1(Alleluia) – Ps 92, 99, 62 – Ant 1; Antiphon 2 (Surrexit)Benedicite – Ant 2; Antiphon 3 – Laudate psalms – Antiphon 3; Rest from MD 342* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons etc MD 344* ff

Vespers: II Vespers of Low Sunday – psalms of Sunday under one antiphon; chapter etc from I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, MD 345*

Monday April 13 – Class IV; St Justin, memorial [EF: St. Hermenegild]

All as in Monday in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide (including hymns of the season for Lauds and Vespers); canticle antiphons MD 352*; collect (of Low Sunday), MD 344*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [108-9].  Note: Paschaltide forms of the antiphon and versicle.

Tuesday April 14  - Class IV; SS Tiburtius Valerian and Maximus, memorial [EF: St Justin]

All as in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide (including hymns of the season for Lauds and Vespers); canticle antiphons MD 352*; collect, MD 344*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [109-10].  Note: Paschaltide forms of the antiphon and versicle.

Wednesday April 15  – Class IV

All as in Wednesday in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide (note especially hymns of the season for Lauds and Vespers); canticle antiphons MD 352-3*; collect, MD 344*

Thursday April 16  - Class IV

All as in Thursday in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide; canticle antiphons MD 353*; collect, MD 344*

Friday April 17  - Class IV

All as in Friday in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide; canticle antiphons MD 353*; collect, MD 344*

Saturday April 18 Saturday of Our Lady

Matins: Reading for Saturday 3

Lauds to None: MD (134) ff; note that the antiphons and versicles for Prime to None should have alleluias added to them

I Vespers of Second Sunday after Easter (Good Shepherd Sunday), MD 354* ff

Sunday April 19 – Second Sunday after Easter, Class II

Lauds: (Three) Antiphons for Eastertide with festal psalms for Eastertide, rest from MD 356* ff

Prime: Antiphons of Eastertide, rest as in the psalter for Sunday

Terce to None: Antiphons of Eastertide, Sunday psalms; chapter verse, versicle and collect from MD 358* ff

Vespers: Psalms of Sunday under one antiphon; rest from MD 359-60*

Monday April 20  - Class IV

All as in the psalter for Monday in Eastertide; collect of Sunday MD 358*; canticle antiphons MD 360*

Tuesday April 21 - St Anselm, Class III

See MD [110] ff – note choice of offices.

Matins: Either one reading, of the feast, or use hymn Fortis en praesul at matins with reading as above, or three nocturns, all from Common of a confessor Bishop except for the readings etc for Nocturns II&III.

Lauds to Vespers: Either antiphons and psalms of Tuesday at Lauds, with rest from Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64), collect, MD [110]; OR use the Common of a Confessor Bishop with the Benedictus antiphon, and Vespers hymn, MD [110-1]

Wednesday April 22 – Class IV [EF: SS Soter and Cajus]

All as in the psalter for Wednesday in Eastertide; collect, MD 358*; canticle antiphons MD 360-1*

Thursday April 23 – Class IV; St George, memorial

All as in the psalter for Thursday in Eastertide; collect, MD 358*; canticle antiphons MD 361*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [112-3]

Friday April 24 - Class IV [EF: St. Fidelis of Sigmaringen]

All as in the psalter for Friday in Eastertide; collect, MD 358*; canticle antiphons MD 361*

Saturday April 25 The Greater Litanies and St Mark [Australia: ANZAC Day]

Matins: Three Nocturns (Common of Apostles with readings etc for the feast)

Laud to None: All from the Common of Apostles except for the collect, MD [113]

Vespers: Common of Apostles (psalms MD (13), rest MD (26) with a commemoration of the Third Sunday after Easter, MD 362*

Sunday April 26 - Third Sunday after Easter, Class II; St Cletus, memorial

Lauds: (Three) Antiphons for Eastertide with festal psalms; rest from MD 363* ff; the commemoration at Lauds, MD [113-4]

Prime: Antiphons of Eastertide, rest as in the psalter for Sunday

Terce to None: antiphons of Eastertide, Sunday psalms; chapter verse, versicle, MD 364* ff; collect, MD 363*

Vespers: Psalms of Sunday under one antiphon; chapter of Lauds; responsory and hymn from MD 354*; Magnificat antiphon, MD 365*

Monday April 27 - Class IV; St Peter Canisius, memorial [EF: Class III]

All as for Monday in Eastertide; collect, MD 363*; canticle antiphons, MD 365*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [114-5]

Tuesday April 28 Class IV [EF: St Paul of the Cross]

All as for Tuesday in Eastertide; collect, MD 363*; canticle antiphons, MD 365*

Wednesday April 29 – SS Odo, Majolus, Odilo and Hugh, Class III [EF: St Peter of Verona]

Lauds: Antiphons for the feast with festal psalms, MD [115] ff

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds with psalms of Wednesday

Terce to None: Antiphons and texts of the feast, MD [117] ff

Vespers: Antiphons and texts of the feast, MD [119] ff with psalms from the Common of Apostles, MD (2)

Thursday April 30 – Class IV; St Catherine of Siena, Memorial [EF: Class III]

All as for Thursday in Eastertide; collect, MD 363*; canticle antiphons, MD 366*; for the commemoration, MD [121-2]

I Vespers of St Joseph the Worker, MD [123] ff

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