Ordo for March 2015

This calendar (Ordo) for the traditional Benedictine Office has been prepared accordance with the calendar and rubrics of the Monastic Breviary of 1963 for use by all Benedictine monasteries and oblates attached to them.  This Ordo is intended as an aid to those who wish to say the Benedictine Office using the order of the psalms and prayers as specified in St Benedict’s Rule and developed as part of the patrimony of the Order of St Benedict.

Variations from the calendar

Individual monasteries may, however, observe their own Ordos and use rubrics that differ somewhat from those specified in the Monastic Breviary.

In addition to the feasts specified in the calendar, it will be necessary to add in any local feasts particular to the monastery, parish, diocese and country.

While the Benedictine Calendar generally follows the structure of the 1962 Roman Extraordinary Form (EF) Calendar, the monastic calendar, it does differ from it in some respects, and the calendar below generally indicates where there are feasts of the EF calendar that are omitted or celebrated differently in the Benedictine general calendar.

Monastic Diurnal

A number of Catholic and other books are available to say the Benedictine Divine Office in its traditional form and calendar.

These include the two volume 1963 Breviarium Monasticum (out of print), the Antiphonale Monasticum (containing the chants for the day hours and available through the monastery of Le Barroux and elsewhere), and books for the individual hours available through Clear Creek Abbey in the US and on lulu.

The most useful starting point for most people, however, will surely be the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey.  Originally intended for novices and those religious travelling outside the monastery, it provides the day hours (Lauds to Compline) in a parallel English/Latin text version with translations prepared by monks of that monastery in the first half of the twentieth century. The current edition is essentially the 1963 edition of that book, which carried an imprimatur.

Accordingly, the calendar provided here provides page references to the MD, and instructions on how to say the Benedictine Office using that book can also be found on the blog (see the right hand sidebar). Please note that the Diurnal is not page numbered sequentially, but differentiates sections of the book by use of asterisks, square brackets and so forth.

Matins is not included in the Diurnal, but occasional notes (generally where the hour does not follow the normal pattern) have been included here for the benefit of those who use other books to say that hour.

Key to abbreviations

MD=Monastic Diurnal
EF=Roman Extraordinary Form

If you have comments, questions or corrections to offer, please use the comment function on the blog or  contact the author at australiaincognita@gmail.com.



MARCH

Sunday March 1 – Second Sunday of Lent, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons, MD 201* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62); chapter etc, MD 201* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons and chapter verses, MD 204-5*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers; versicle and Magnificat antiphon, MD 205*

Monday March 2 – Monday in the second week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 206*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego)
Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds
Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 206*

Tuesday March 3 – Tuesday in the second week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 206-7*
Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego)
Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds
Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 207*

Wednesday March 4 – Wednesday in the second week of Lent, Class III [EF: Commemoration of St Casimir]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 207-8*
Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego)
Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds
Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 208*

Thursday March 5  – Thursday in the second week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 208*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 208-9*

Friday March 6   - Friday in the second week of Lent, Class III; SS Perpetua and Felicitas, memorial

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 209*; for the commemoration, MD [74]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 209-10*

Saturday March 7  – Saturday in the second week of Lent, Class III; St Thomas Aquinas, memorial

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 210*; for the commemoration, MD [75]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

I Vespers of the Third Sunday of Lent, Antiphons and psalms of Saturday, rest from MD 210* ff

Sunday March 8  – Third Sunday of Lent, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons, etc from MD 212* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62)

Prime to None: Antiphons etc, MD 215*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers; versicle and Magnificat antiphon, MD 216*

Monday March 9 – Monday in the third week of Lent, Class III, St Frances of Rome, memorial

Lauds: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 217-8*; commemoration, MD [75-6]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*

Tuesday March 10  - Tuesday in the third week of Lent, Class III, The Forty Martyrs, memorial

Lauds: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*; for the commemoration, MD [76]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*

Wednesday March 11 - Wednesday in the third week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218-9*

Thursday March 12 – St Gregory the Great OSB, Class II

Lauds: Festal psalms with antiphons and texts of the feast, MD [77] ff; for the commemoration of the feria, MD 219*

Prime to None: Antiphons etc of the feast, MD [77] ff

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds; psalms from Common of a confessor bishop, MD (68), texts of the feast, MD [81] ff; for the commemoration of the feria MD 219*

Friday March 13 – Friday in the third week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 220*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 220*

Saturday March 14 – Saturday in the third week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 220-1*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapters and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: I Vespers of the Fourth Sunday of Lent: Antiphons and psalms of Saturday, rest from MD 221* ff

Sunday March 15 – Fourth Sunday of Lent (Laetare Sunday), Class I

Lauds: Antiphons etc, MD 223* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62)

Prime to None: Antiphons (and chapter verses etc), MD 226-7*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter, hymn as per I Vespers; versicle and Magnificat antiphon MD 227*

Monday March 16 - Monday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 227-8*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 228*

[in some places: I Vespers of St Patrick with a commemoration of the feria]

Tuesday 17 March - Tuesday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III [***in some places, St Patrick, Class I]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 228*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 228-9*

For St Patrick, see MD 22**

Wednesday March 18  - Wednesday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III; St Cyril, Memorial

Lauds: chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle, MD 190* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 229*; for the commemoration, MD [83]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: I Vespers of St Joseph, MD  with a commemoration of the feria, MD 229-30*

Thursday March 19 – St Joseph, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms with antiphons etc of the feast, MD [87] ff, with a commemoration of the feria, MD 230*

Prime to None: Antiphons etc of the feast

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds; psalms from I Vespers of Apostles, MD (2); chapter etc from I Vespers of the feast, MD [84]; Magnificat antiphon, MD [91]; commemoration of the feria, MD 230*

Friday March 20 – Friday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III [**in some places, St Cuthbert, memorial]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 230-1*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

I Vespers of St Benedict, MD [91] ff with a commemoration of the feria, MD 231*

For St Cuthbert, MD 22**

Saturday March 21 – St Benedict, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and texts of the feast; MD [94] ff; commemoration of the feria, MD 231-2*

Prime to None: Antiphon etc of the feast

Vespers: As for I Vespers, MD [91]; Magnificat antiphon, MD [99]; commemoration of I Vespers of Passion Sunday, MD 234*

PASSIONTIDE

The Ordinary of the Office during Passiontide

The Ordinary of the Passiontide ferial Office, used from the Monday after First Passion Sunday, is set out in the Farnborough edition of the Monastic Diurnal at MD 240* ff.

For those saying Matins (not in the Diurnal): the invitatory antiphon is for the season (Hodie si vocem Domini audieritis); the hymn is for the season of Lent and is the same each day (Pange lingua); the readings during the week are usually patristic sermons, relating to the Gospel of the Mass set for that day; and the chapter verse for Nocturn II is for the season (Jer 11:18-19).

At Prime to None: the antiphons, chapters and versicles are of the season of Passiontide, and can be found in the psalter section; the collect for Terce to None is the same as for Lauds of that day.

At Lauds and Vespers: chapters, hymns, etc of the season replace those in the psalter section; the responsories omit the Gloria Patri, instead repeating the opening verse; the canticle antiphons are proper for each day. They generally reflect the (EF) Gospel for the day; and there is a specific collect for both Lauds and Vespers each day.

It is also important to be aware that when a feast displaces the Lent texts, a commemoration of the day is made at both Lauds and Vespers using the respective collects, canticle antiphon and versicle that occurs before the relevant canticle at that hour.

Sunday March 22  – (First) Passion Sunday, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons and texts for the day, MD 234* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62)

Prime to None: Antiphons and chapter verses, MD 238-9*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers, MD 234* ff; versicle and Magnificat antiphon MD 239*

Monday March 23  – Monday in (First) Passion Week, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; Propers of the season (chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for passiontide), MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 246*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Libera me)

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season

Vespers: chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 247*

Tuesday March 24 – Tuesday in Passion Week, Class III [EF: commemoration of St Gabriel]

Lauds: Propers, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon & collect, MD 247-8*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Libera me)

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: I Vespers of the Annunciation, MD [100] ff with a commemoration of the feria, MD 248*

Wednesday March 25 - Annunciation of the BVM, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and rest of the feast, MD [102] ff; commemoration of the feria, MD 248-9*

Prime to None: Antiphons from Lauds, proper texts MD [104] ff

Vespers: As for I Vespers, MD [100], Magnificat antiphon, MD [106]; commemoration of the feria, MD 249*

Thursday March 26 - Thursday in Passion Week, Class III

Lauds: Propers, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 249-50*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Propers, MD 244*ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 250*

Friday March 27 – Friday in Passion Week, Class III; St John Damascene, Memorial

Lauds: Propers, MD 240*ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 250-1*; for the commemoration, MD [106-7]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Propers, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 251-2*

Saturday March 28 – Saturday in Passion Week, Class III [EF: St John of Capistran; Seven Sorrows of BVM]

Lauds: Propers, MD 240*ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 252*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

HOLY WEEK

I Vespers of Palm Sunday: Antiphons and psalms of Saturday with chapter and rest from MD 252* ff

Sunday March 29 – Second Passion Sunday or Palm Sunday, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons for the day, MD 255* with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62); chapter etc for the day

Prime to None: Antiphons and chapter verses, MD 258* ff

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, MD 260*

The Office in Holy Week to Wednesday

The first days of Holy Week are all first class days:

For those who say it, Matins each day has two nocturns/three readings, with the invitatory antiphon and hymn of Passiontide.

Lauds to None have proper antiphons for each day, with other texts from the ordinary of Passiontide.

Vespers uses the usual antiphons from the psalter, with a proper canticle and collect.

Monday March 30 – Monday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 260-1* with psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory and hymn of Passiontide, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 261*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 260*) with psalms etc of Monday

Terce to None: Antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 260-1*; chapter and versicle of passiontide; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 261-2*

Tuesday March 31 - Tuesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 262* with psalms of Tuesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 263*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 262*) with psalms etc of Tuesday

Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 262*; chapter and versicle for passiontide; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 263*

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