Ordo for December 2015

This calendar (Ordo) for the traditional Benedictine Office has been prepared accordance with the calendar and rubrics of the Monastic Breviary of 1963 for use by all Benedictine monasteries and oblates attached to them.

It is intended as an aid to those who wish to say the Benedictine Office using the order of the psalms and prayers as specified in St Benedict’s Rule and developed as part of the patrimony of the Order of St Benedict.

Variations from the calendar

Individual monasteries may, however, observe their own Ordos and use rubrics that differ somewhat from those specified in the Monastic Breviary.

In addition to the feasts specified in the calendar, it will be necessary to add in any local feasts particular to the monastery, parish, diocese and country.

While the Benedictine Calendar generally follows the structure of the 1962 Roman Extraordinary Form (EF) Calendar, the monastic calendar, it does differ from it in some respects, and the calendar below generally indicates where there are feasts of the EF calendar that are omitted or celebrated differently in the Benedictine general calendar.

Monastic Diurnal

A number of Catholic and other books are available to say the Benedictine Divine Office in its traditional form and calendar.

These include the two volume 1963 Breviarium Monasticum (out of print), the Antiphonale Monasticum (containing the chants for the day hours and available through the monastery of Le Barroux and elsewhere), and books for the individual hours available through Clear Creek Abbey in the US and on lulu.

The most useful starting point for most people, however, will surely be the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey.  Originally intended for novices and those religious travelling outside the monastery, it provides the day hours (Lauds to Compline) in a parallel English/Latin text version with translations prepared by monks of that monastery in the first half of the twentieth century. The current edition is essentially the 1963 edition of that book, which carried an imprimatur.  
Accordingly, the calendar provided here provides page references to the MD, and instructions on how to say the Benedictine Office using that book can also be found on the blog (see the right hand sidebar). Please note that the Diurnal is not page numbered sequentially, but differentiates sections of the book by use of asterisks, square brackets and so forth.

Matins is not included in the Diurnal, but occasional notes (generally where the hour does not follow the normal pattern) have been included here for the benefit of those who use other books to say that hour.

If you have comments, questions or corrections to offer, please use the comment function on the blog or contact Kate at australiaincognita@gmail.com.

Key to abbreviations

MD=Monastic Diurnal
EF=Roman Extraordinary Form

THE ORDO

Tuesday 1 December – Tuesday in the first week of Advent, Class III

Lauds: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphon for week I, MD 13*; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*

Wednesday 2 December – Wednesday in the first week of Advent, Class III; St Peter Chrysologus, memorial [EF: St Bibiana]

Lauds and Vespers: Psalms of the day, proper texts of the season (Chapter, hymn etc), MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration, MD [8-9]

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 1, proper texts of Advent

Thursday 3 December – Thursday in the first week of Advent, Class III; St Francis Xavier, memorial  [EF: St Peter Chrysologus; St Barbara]

Lauds and Vespers: Psalms of the day, proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [9]

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 1, proper texts of Advent

For St Francis Xavier as a Class I feast, see MD 1**

Friday 4 December – Friday in the first week of Advent, Class III [EF: St Peter Chrysologus; St Barbara] [Some monasteries: Illation of the relics of St Benedict]

Lauds and Vespers: Psalms of the day, proper texts of the season, MD 9*ff; canticle antiphons, MD 19*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 1, proper texts of Advent

Saturday 5 December  Saturday in the first week of Advent [EF: Commemoration of St Sabbas]

Lauds: Psalms of the day, proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphon, MD 19*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 1, proper texts of Advent

I Vespers of the Second Sunday of Advent, MD 19* ff

Sunday 6 December – Second Sunday of Advent, Class I

Lauds to Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 22* ff; psalms of Sunday 

At Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62

Monday 7 December – St Ambrose, Class III

Matins: Third reading of the feast; Chapter verse for a Confessor Bishop

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Monday in Advent; chapter etc from Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64); collect, MD [10]; commemoration of the feria, MD 26-7*

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts from Common of a Confessor Bishop with psalms of Monday, collect MD [10]

I Vespers of the Immaculate Conception: Antiphons and proper texts, MD [11] with psalms from the Common of the BVM MD (119); commemoration of the feria, MD 27*

Tuesday 8 December - The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and rest from MD [13] ff ; for the commemoration of the feria: versicle, MD 11*; canticle antiphon, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast

Vespers: Psalms of I Vespers of the BVM, MD (119); antiphons and rest of the feast, MD [11] ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD [17]; for the commemoration of the feria: versicle, MD 17*; Magnificat antiphon, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Wednesday 9 December – Wednesday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*
Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

Thursday 10 December – Thursday in the second week of Advent, Class III [**in some places, Blessed Mark Barkworth, John Roberts and companions, memorial; EF: Commemoration of St Melchiades]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 27-28*; collect, MD 11*
Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

For Bl.  Mark Barwkworth, MD 2**

Friday 11 December - Friday in the second week of Advent, Class III St Damasus, memorial [EF: Class III]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 28*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [17-8]

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

Saturday 12 December – Saturday in the second week of Advent, Class III [EF: in some places, Our Lady of Guadeloupe]

Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk II); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 28*

I Vespers of Third Sunday in Advent, MD 28* ff

Sunday 13 December – Third Sunday of Advent, Class I (Gaudete Sunday)

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 31*ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62); collect (except at Prime)

Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 28* except for canticle antiphon, MD 35*

Monday 14 December – Monday in the third week of Advent, Class III

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 41-2*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 3, proper texts of Advent

Tuesday 15 December  -– Tuesday in the third week of Advent, Class III
 [EF: St Eusebius]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 42*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 3, proper texts of Advent

Wednesday 16 December – Ember Wednesday of Advent, Class II 

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9*ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 42*; collect, MD 42-3*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 3, proper texts of Advent

Thursday 17 December – Thursday in the third week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons, MD 39*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 43*; collect, MD 43*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Thursday, MD 39*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 39*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 43*

Vespers: Antiphons, MD 39* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Sapientia, MD 35*

Friday 18 December – Ember Friday of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons, MD 39-40*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 44*; collect, MD 44*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Friday, MD 39*

Terce to None:  Psalms for throughout the week with antiphons, MD 40*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 44*

Vespers: Psalms of Friday with Antiphons, MD 39-40* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Adonai, MD 35*; collect, MD 44*

Saturday 19 December – Ember Saturday in Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons, MD 40*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 44*; collect, MD 45*

Prime: Antiphon, MD 40*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 41*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 45*

I Vespers for the fourth Sunday of Advent, MD 45*ff; O Antiphon for the Magnificat, O radix Iesse, MD 36*

Sunday 20 December – Fourth Sunday of Advent, Class I

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 48* ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62)

Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 45* except for Antiphon for Magnificat, O clavis David MD 36*

Monday 21 December – St Thomas, Class II

All as in the Common of Apostles, MD (9), except for the Canticle antiphons, MD [22] and collect, MD [23]. Commemoration of the feria at Lauds, Nolite timere, MD 43* is said; Vespers, O Oriens, MD 36* (with versicle and collect of Advent IV)

Tuesday 22 December - Tuesday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of the day, MD 37-8*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, Consurge, MD 45*; collect (Sunday IV), MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon 1, MD 37-8*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 38*; texts of Advent, MD 14*ff; collect, MD 12*

Vespers: Antiphons, MD 37-8* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Rex Gentium, MD 36*

Wednesday 23 December - Wednesday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of the day, MD 38-9*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, Ecce completa sunt, MD 45*; collect (Sunday IV), MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon 1, MD 38-9*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 39*; texts of Advent, MD 14*ff; collect, MD 12*
Vespers: Antiphons, MD 38-9* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Emmanuel, MD 36*

Thursday 24 December – Vigil of the Nativity

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings of the feast; antiphons and psalms of the day; readings of the feast

Lauds: Festal psalms (of Sunday), MD 44 with antiphons and proper texts, MD 54* ff

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD 54*

Terce to None: Antiphons and texts, MD 57* ff

I Vespers of the Nativity: MD 58* ff

Friday 25 December – Nativity of Our Lord, Class I with a II Class Octave

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts, festal psalms, MD 61* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 64* ff

Vespers: Antiphons, psalms and proper texts, MD 65* ff

Saturday 26 December - Second day in the Octave of Christmas; St Stephen, Protomartyr, Class II

Matins: Common of martyrs except for the Invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings (of the feast)

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts with festal psalms, commemoration of the Octave, MD 83* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons, MD 83* ff

Vespers of St Stephen: Vespers of the Nativity [4th psalm   = Ps 131], with proper texts of the feast, MD 87* ff; commemoration of the Sunday, MD 77*

Sunday 27 December – Sunday within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II; Commemoration of St John the Evangelist

Matins: as for the Nativity except for the readings and responsories

Lauds to None: MD 77* ff'; commemoration of St John, MD 92*

Vespers of the Nativity, Magnificat antiphon, MD 82*; commemoration of St John, MD 96*

Monday 28 December - Holy Innocents, Class II; Fourth day in the Octave of Christmas

Matins: Common of several martyrs, except for the invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings (of the feast)

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts with festal psalms, commemoration of the Octave, MD 97* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons, etc MD 97* ff

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Nativity, MD 65* [4th psalm   = Ps 131]; proper texts, MD 101* ff

Tuesday 29 December –  Fifth Day within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II [in some places, St Thomas Beckett, Class I]

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds: festal psalms with rest of the Nativity, MD 61*ff

Prime to None:  Antiphons and proper texts of the Nativity

Vespers: of the Nativity

Wednesday 30 December  –  Sixth Day within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds: festal psalms with rest of the Nativity, MD 61*ff

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts of Nativity

Vespers: of the Nativity [4th psalm   = Ps 131]

Thursday 31 December - Seventh Day within the Octave; commemoration of St Sylvester

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds: festal psalms with rest of the Nativity, MD 61*ff; for the commemoration, MD 103-4*

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts of Nativity

I Vespers of the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lord, MD 104* ff: Antiphons and proper texts with psalms from Common of feasts of the BVM, MD (119)

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