Ordo for April 2016

This calendar (Ordo) for the traditional Benedictine Office has been prepared accordance with the calendar and rubrics of the Monastic Breviary of 1963 for use by all Benedictine monasteries and oblates attached to them.

It is intended as an aid to those who wish to say the Benedictine Office using the order of the psalms and prayers as specified in St Benedict’s Rule and developed as part of the patrimony of the Order of St Benedict.

Variations from the calendar

Individual monasteries may, however, observe their own Ordos and use rubrics that differ somewhat from those specified in the Monastic Breviary.

In addition to the feasts specified in the calendar, it will be necessary to add in any local feasts particular to the monastery, parish, diocese and country.

While the Benedictine Calendar generally follows the structure of the 1962 Roman Extraordinary Form (EF) Calendar, the monastic calendar, it does differ from it in some respects, and the calendar below generally indicates where there are feasts of the EF calendar that are omitted or celebrated differently in the Benedictine general calendar.

Monastic Diurnal

A number of Catholic and other books are available to say the Benedictine Divine Office in its traditional form and calendar.

These include the two volume 1963 Breviarium Monasticum (out of print), the Antiphonale Monasticum (containing the chants for the day hours and available through the monastery of Le Barroux and elsewhere), and books for the individual hours available through Clear Creek Abbey in the US and on lulu.

The most useful starting point for most people, however, will surely be the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey.  Originally intended for novices and those religious travelling outside the monastery, it provides the day hours (Lauds to Compline) in a parallel English/Latin text version with translations prepared by monks of that monastery in the first half of the twentieth century. The current edition is essentially the 1963 edition of that book, which carried an imprimatur.  
Accordingly, the calendar provided here provides page references to the MD, and instructions on how to say the Benedictine Office using that book can also be found on the blog (see the right hand sidebar). Please note that the Diurnal is not page numbered sequentially, but differentiates sections of the book by use of asterisks, square brackets and so forth.

Matins is not included in the Diurnal, but occasional notes (generally where the hour does not follow the normal pattern) have been included here for the benefit of those who use other books to say that hour.

If you have comments, questions or corrections to offer, please use the comment function on the blog or  contact the author at australiaincognita@gmail.com.

Key to abbreviations

MD=Monastic Diurnal
EF=Roman Extraordinary Form

APRIL 2016

Friday 1 April  – Friday in the Octave of Easter, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons and collect, MD 337-8*

Saturday 2 April  –– White Saturday in the Octave of Easter, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings

Lauds to None: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for the Benedictus antiphon, MD 338* and collect, MD 344*

SEASON OF EASTERTIDE

I Vespers of Low Sunday, MD 339* ff

Sunday 3 April  – Low Sunday, Class I 


Lauds: Three antiphons, MD 341* ff with festal psalms, ie Antiphon 1(Alleluia) – Ps 92, 99, 62 – Ant 1; Antiphon 2 (Surrexit)Benedicite – Ant 2; Antiphon 3 – Laudate psalms – Antiphon 3; Rest from MD 342* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons etc MD 344* ff

Vespers: II Vespers of Low Sunday – psalms of Sunday under one antiphon; chapter etc from I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, MD 345*; commemoration of the Annunciation, MD [101-2]

Monday 4 April  – Annunciation of the BVM, Class I (transferred)

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and rest of the feast, MD [102] ff

Prime to None: Antiphons from Lauds, proper texts MD [104] ff

espers: As for I Vespers, MD [100], Magnificat antiphon, MD [106]; commemoration of St Benedict, MD [94]

Tuesday 5 April –  St Benedict, Class I (transferred)

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and texts of the feast; MD [94] ff

Prime to None: Antiphon etc of the feast

Vespers: As for I Vespers, MD [91]; Magnificat antiphon, MD [99]

Wednesday 6 April  - Class IV

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 352-3*; collect, MD 344*

Thursday 7 April  – Class IV

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 353*; collect, MD 344*

Friday 8 April - Class IV

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 353*; collect, MD 344*

Saturday 9 April  – Saturday of Our Lady (in Eastertide)


Matins: Reading for Saturday 2 in April

Lauds to None: MD (134) ff; note that the antiphons and versicles for Prime to None should have alleluias added to them

I Vespers of Second Sunday after Easter (Good Shepherd Sunday), MD 354* ff

Sunday 10 April –  Second Sunday after Easter, Class II


Lauds: (Three) Antiphons for Eastertide with festal psalms for Eastertide, rest from MD 356* ff

Prime: Antiphons of Eastertide, rest as in the psalter for Sunday

Terce to None: Antiphons of Eastertide, Sunday psalms; chapter verse, versicle and collect from MD 358* ff

Vespers: Psalms of Sunday under one antiphon; chapter etc, from I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, MD 360*

Monday 11 April - St Leo I, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and Psalms of the day, rest from Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64)ff; Collect, MD [108]

Terce to None:  Texts from Common;  collect, MD [108]

Vespers: Antiphons and Psalms of the day, Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64)ff; Magnificat antiphon of a doctor, MD (74); Collect, MD [108]

Tuesday 12 April  - Class IV

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 360*; collect, MD 358*

Wednesday 13 April  – Class IV; St Justin, memorial [EF: St. Hermenegild, Class III]


Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; collect, MD 358*; Canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 360-1*; commemoration at Lauds, MD [108-9]

Thursday 14 April  - Class IV; SS Tiburtius Valerian and Maximus, memorial [EF: St Justin, Class III]

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 361*; collect, MD 358*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [109-10]

Friday 15 April   – Class IV

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 361*; collect, MD 358*

Saturday 16 April   Saturday of Our Lady


Matins: Reading for Saturday 3 April

Lauds to None: MD (134) ff; note that the antiphons and versicles for Prime to None should have alleluias added to them

I Vespers of Third Sunday after Easter, MD 362* ff


Sunday 17 April  - Third Sunday after Easter, Class II

Lauds: (Three) Antiphons for Eastertide with festal psalms; rest from MD 363* ff

Prime: Antiphons of Eastertide, rest as in the psalter for Sunday

Terce to None: antiphons of Eastertide, Sunday psalms; chapter verse, versicle, MD 364* ff; collect, MD 363*

Vespers: Psalms of Sunday under one antiphon; chapter of Lauds; responsory and hymn from MD 354*; Magnificat antiphon, MD 365*

Monday 18 April   Class IV

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 365*; collect, MD 362*

Tuesday 19 April  – Class IV

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 365*; collect, MD 362*

Wednesday 20 April - Class IV

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 366*; collect, MD 362*

Thursday 21 April - St Anselm, Class III

See MD [110] ff – note choice of offices.

Matins: Either one reading, of the feast, or use hymn Fortis en praesul at matins with reading as above, or three nocturns, all from Common of a confessor Bishop except for the readings etc for Nocturns II&III.

Lauds to Vespers: Either antiphons and psalms of the day at Lauds, with rest from Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64), collect, MD [110]; OR use the Common of a Confessor Bishop with the Benedictus antiphon, and Vespers hymn, MD [110-1]

Friday 22 April  – Class IV [EF: SS Soter and Cajus, Class III]

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 366-7*; collect, MD 362*

Saturday 23 April Saturday of Our Lady; St George, memorial

 Matins: Reading for Saturday 4&5 April


Lauds to None: MD (134) ff; note that the antiphons and versicles for Prime to None should have alleluias added to them; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [112-3]

I Vespers of Fourth Sunday in Eastertide: MD 367*ff


Sunday 24 April – Fourth Sunday after Easter, Class II

Lauds: (Three) Antiphons for Eastertide with festal psalms for Eastertide, rest MD 368* ff

Prime: Antiphon of Eastertide, rest as in the psalter

Terce to None: Antiphons of Eastertide; chapter verse, versicle and collect from MD 368* ff
Vespers: Psalms of Sunday under one antiphon; chapter of Lauds; responsory and hymn from MD 354*; Magnificat antiphon, MD 370*

Monday 25 April   St Mark and the Greater Litanies [Australia&NZ: ANZAC Day]

Matins: Three Nocturns (Common of Apostles with readings etc for the feast)

Lauds to None: All from the Common of Apostles except for the collect, MD [113]

Vespers: Common of Apostles (psalms MD (13), rest MD (26)

Tuesday 26 April - Class IV; St Cletus, memorial [EF: SS Cletus and Marcellinus, Class III]

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 370-1*; collect, MD 368*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [113-4]

Wednesday 27 April - Class IV; St Peter Canisius, memorial [EF: Class III]

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 371*; collect, MD 368*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [114-5]

Thursday 28 April  Class IV [EF: St Paul of the Cross]

Ordinary of Eastertide, MD 346*ff; canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, MD 371*; collect, MD 368*

Friday 29 April – SS Odo, Majolus, Odilo and Hugh, Class III [EF: St Peter of Verona]

Lauds: Antiphons for the feast with festal psalms, MD [115] ff

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds with psalms of the day

Terce to None: Antiphons and texts of the feast, MD [117] ff

Vespers: Antiphons and texts of the feast, MD [119] ff with psalms from the Common of Apostles, MD (2)

Saturday April 30 Saturday of Our Lady; St Catherine of Siena, Memorial [EF: Class III]

Matins: Reading for Saturday 4&5 April

Lauds to None: MD (134) ff; note that the antiphons and versicles for Prime to None should have alleluias added to them; for the commemoration, MD [121-2]

I Vespers of St Joseph the Worker, MD [123] ff; commemoration of the Fifth Sunday after Easter, MD 372*


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