Ordo for Holy Week


Sunday March 29 – Second Passion Sunday or Palm Sunday, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons for the day, MD 255* with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62); chapter etc for the day

Prime to None: Antiphons and chapter verses, MD 258* ff

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, MD 260*

The Office in Holy Week to Wednesday

The first days of Holy Week are all first class days:

For those who say it, Matins each day has two nocturns/three readings, with the invitatory antiphon and hymn of Passiontide.

Lauds to None have proper antiphons for each day, with other texts from the ordinary of Passiontide.

Vespers uses the usual antiphons from the psalter, with a proper canticle and collect.

Monday March 30 – Monday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 260-1* with psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory and hymn of Passiontide, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 261*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 260*) with psalms etc of Monday

Terce to None: Antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 260-1*; chapter and versicle of passiontide; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 261-2*

Tuesday March 31 - Tuesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 262* with psalms of Tuesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 263*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 262*) with psalms etc of Tuesday

Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 262*; chapter and versicle for passiontide; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 263*

Wednesday April 1  – Wednesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 263-4* with psalms of Wednesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 264*
Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 263*) with psalms etc of Wednesday
Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 264*; chapter and versicle for Passiontide, MD 242* ff; collect of Lauds
Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 265*

THE SACRED TRIDUUM

The Office during the Triduum

The Office during the Triduum does not follow the normal form as set out in the psalter.  In addition, some of the Holy Week ceremonies include parts of the Office so that those who attend them do not need to sing or say those particular hours separately.

Matins and Lauds: The Office of Tenebrae, or Matins and Lauds, is a special feature of the Triduum. It is said in darkness, and a candle is extinguished as each of the psalms is said, and the Roman (EF) and Benedictine forms of this Office are identical.

The 1962 rubrics specify that Tenebrae is not be anticipated, or said the night before. As this generally makes public recitation of the Office impractical outside a monastery, it is generally ignored. Thus the normal practice is to perform Tenebrae for Maundy Thursday on Wednesday night, and so forth. Note that the Diurnal does not contain the Matins psalms for Tenebrae, so you will need to obtain these from elsewhere should you wish to say it in full.

If Tenebrae is sung in the evening, Compline should be said beforehand.

Prime to None: The psalms for Prime, Terce, Sext and None during the Triduum are set out on MD 279* ff. No introductory prayer or hymns are said, and the Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm. Each hour closes the antiphon ‘Christus factus est’ – each day of the Triduum, an additional phrase of the antiphon is added, as set out on MD 282*.

Vespers: Vespers (if said) is often said quite early, in order to make room for Tenebrae/the Easter Vigil. The antiphons and psalms for Vespers can be found on MD 296* ff.

Note that there are no introductory prayers; as for the other hours, the Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm; the first psalm on Holy Saturday is on MD 298*; antiphons for the Magnificat each day are on MD 303*; on Maundy Thursday and Good Friday, the antiphon Christus factus est is said; and on the concluding prayers for Holy Saturday, see MD 305*.

Compline: The rubrics for Compline from Maundy Thursday to Holy Saturday are set out on MD 305* ff. Note the addition of the Nunc Dimittis.

Thursday April 2 –– Maundy Thursday, Class I

Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 265* ff
 Vespers are not said by those who attend the evening mass.

Compline is said according to the rubrics at MD 305* after the denudation of the altar, with extinguished candles and no chant.

Friday April 3 – Good Friday, Class I

See MD 309*ff.  Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms etc for Prime to None are set out at MD 279* ff
  • ‘Mortem autem crucis’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD 282*; and
  • Compline as for Maundy Thursday, MD 305*
 Vespers is not said by those who attend the afternoon liturgy; if it is said, see MD 296*

Saturday April 4 – Holy Saturday, Class I

See MD 318* ff.  Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 279* ff
  • Propter quod…’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD 282*

Vespers:  As per Maundy Thursday, MD 296* except for the first antiphon and Magnificat antiphon, MD 325*.  It may said any time after noon.
Compline: MD 325*

Ordo for first week of Passiontide

This Sunday marks the start of the last stretch of Lent, viz Passiontide, which has its own particular rubrics.

The Ordinary of the Passiontide ferial Office, used from the Monday after First Passion Sunday, is set out in the Farnborough edition of the Monastic Diurnal at MD 240* ff.

For those saying Matins (not in the Diurnal): the invitatory antiphon is for the season (Hodie si vocem Domini audieritis); the hymn is for the season of Lent and is the same each day (Pange lingua); the readings during the week are usually patristic sermons, relating to the Gospel of the Mass set for that day; and the chapter verse for Nocturn II is for the season (Jer 11:18-19).

At Prime to None: the antiphons, chapters and versicles are of the season of Passiontide, and can be found in the psalter section; the collect for Terce to None is the same as for Lauds of that day.

At Lauds and Vespers: chapters, hymns, etc of the season replace those in the psalter section; the responsories omit the Gloria Patri, instead repeating the opening verse; the canticle antiphons are proper for each day. They generally reflect the (EF) Gospel for the day; and there is a specific collect for both Lauds and Vespers each day.

It is also important to be aware that when a feast displaces the Lent texts, a commemoration of the day is made at both Lauds and Vespers using the respective collects, canticle antiphon and versicle that occurs before the relevant canticle at that hour.

Sunday March 22  – (First) Passion Sunday, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons and texts for the day, MD 234* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62)

Prime to None: Antiphons and chapter verses, MD 238-9*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers, MD 234* ff; versicle and Magnificat antiphon MD 239*

Monday March 23  – Monday in (First) Passion Week, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; Propers of the season (chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for passiontide), MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 246*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Libera me)

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season

Vespers: chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 247*

Tuesday March 24 – Tuesday in Passion Week, Class III [EF: commemoration of St Gabriel]

Lauds: Propers, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon & collect, MD 247-8*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Libera me)

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: I Vespers of the Annunciation, MD [100] ff with a commemoration of the feria, MD 248*

Wednesday March 25 - Annunciation of the BVM, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and rest of the feast, MD [102] ff; commemoration of the feria, MD 248-9*

Prime to None: Antiphons from Lauds, proper texts MD [104] ff

Vespers: As for I Vespers, MD [100], Magnificat antiphon, MD [106]; commemoration of the feria, MD 249*

Thursday March 26 - Thursday in Passion Week, Class III

Lauds: Propers, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 249-50*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Propers, MD 244*ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 250*

Friday March 27 – Friday in Passion Week, Class III; St John Damascene, Memorial

Lauds: Propers, MD 240*ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 250-1*; for the commemoration, MD [106-7]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Propers, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 251-2*

Saturday March 28 – Saturday in Passion Week, Class III [EF: St John of Capistran; Seven Sorrows of BVM]

Lauds: Propers, MD 240*ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 252*

Prime: Antiphon for the season



Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Ordo for the fourth week of Lent


Sunday March 15 – Fourth Sunday of Lent (Laetare Sunday), Class I

Lauds: Antiphons etc, MD 223* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62)

Prime to None: Antiphons (and chapter verses etc), MD 226-7*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter, hymn as per I Vespers; versicle and Magnificat antiphon MD 227*

Monday March 16 - Monday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 227-8*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 228*

[in some places: I Vespers of St Patrick with a commemoration of the feria]

Tuesday 17 March - Tuesday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III [***in some places, St Patrick, Class I]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 228*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 228-9*

For St Patrick, see MD 22**

Wednesday March 18  - Wednesday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III; St Cyril, Memorial

Lauds: chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle, MD 190* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 229*; for the commemoration, MD [83]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: I Vespers of St Joseph, MD  with a commemoration of the feria, MD 229-30*

Thursday March 19 – St Joseph, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms with antiphons etc of the feast, MD [87] ff, with a commemoration of the feria, MD 230*

Prime to None: Antiphons etc of the feast

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds; psalms from I Vespers of Apostles, MD (2); chapter etc from I Vespers of the feast, MD [84]; Magnificat antiphon, MD [91]; commemoration of the feria, MD 230*

Friday March 20 – Friday in the fourth week of Lent, Class III [**in some places, St Cuthbert, memorial]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 230-1*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

I Vespers of St Benedict, MD [91] ff with a commemoration of the feria, MD 231*

For St Cuthbert, MD 22**

Saturday March 21 – St Benedict, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and texts of the feast; MD [94] ff; commemoration of the feria, MD 231-2*

Prime to None: Antiphon etc of the feast

Vespers: As for I Vespers, MD [91]; Magnificat antiphon, MD [99]; commemoration of I Vespers of Passion Sunday, MD 234*

Ordo for the third week of Lent


Sunday March 8  – Third Sunday of Lent, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons, etc from MD 212* ff with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62)

Prime to None: Antiphons etc, MD 215*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers; versicle and Magnificat antiphon, MD 216*

Monday March 9 – Monday in the third week of Lent, Class IIISt Frances of Rome, memorial

Lauds: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 217-8*; commemoration, MD [75-6]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*

Tuesday March 10  - Tuesday in the third week of Lent, Class III, The Forty Martyrs, memorial

Lauds: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*; for the commemoration, MD [76]

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*

Wednesday March 11 - Wednesday in the third week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218-9*

Thursday March 12 – St Gregory the Great OSB, Class II

Lauds: Festal psalms with antiphons and texts of the feast, MD [77] ff; for the commemoration of the feria, MD 219*

Prime to None: Antiphons etc of the feast, MD [77] ff

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds; psalms from Common of a confessor bishop, MD (68), texts of the feast, MD [81] ff; for the commemoration of the feria MD 219*

Friday March 13 – Friday in the third week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 220*

Prime: Antiphon for the season

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 220*

Saturday March 14 – Saturday in the third week of Lent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 220-1*

Prime: Antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapters and versicle for the season; collect of Lauds



Vespers: I Vespers of the Fourth Sunday of Lent: Antiphons and psalms of Saturday, rest from MD 221* ff