Happy New year!



Rule of St Benedict
Codex Sangallensis
I'd like to wish all readers a happy and holy new year - and a reminder to join in the public recitation of the Te Deum in thanksgiving for the year on December 31, and the Veni Creator on January 1 to gain the plenary indulgences attached to them (partial if said privately).

I'd also like to let you know about a couple of projects that I've already started on, but will hopefully push along further in the new year, and am posting elsewhere, that may be of interest.

Matins readings

First, over at my Lectio Divina blog I'm in the process of compiling lists of all the Matins readings for the Benedictine Office, grouped by liturgical season (and there will be a separate post for major feasts of saints).

I'll put indexes of links (masterposts) in the sidebar for future reference, though at the moment I'm also posting weekly lists that also show the readings for any feasts that interrupt the normal seasonal cycle (you can subscribe to these by email through the link on the blog).

In the past over there I've posted English translations of most of the Sunday Gospels, and Third Nocturn readings on them; links to past posts can be found in the masterposts.  Over the course of 2016 I'll try to fill in the gpas, as well as go back and fill in the first and second nocturn readings for the Sunday cycle (where I can find an online version of them).

Lectio divina around the liturgical cycle of readings

I've also previously posted notes over at the Lectio Divina blog on each of the Gospels, spread over a three month cycle (so you can read all of them in a year).  I've put up a masterpost for the notes on St Matthew, and plan to fill out gaps in them over the next quarter.  I'll also try and make the notes on the other Gospels more accessible in the same way, as well as provide brief notes on the books of the Bible being read in the Office (at Matins).

Reading the Rule of St Benedict

Thirdly, I'm planning a series, starting in the new year, offering some reading notes on the Rule of St Benedict, and you find these over at my new Lectio Regula blog (it is easier to keep topics separate rather than clog up this one I think).

Each day I'll provide both the English and the Latin, divided up over four months in the traditional arrangement.  I'll also try and provide some notes of my own on it (though no guarantees that I'll comment on every part of the Rule, though I will certainly do my best).

I'm not planning to provide a complete or polished commentary on the Rule, but rather to focus in on some particular aspects of it, mostly around the way that St Benedict uses Scripture, and the links between the Rule and the shape of the Benedictine Office.  I've written a post that sets out some of the main themes I plan to focus on that you can read here.

Notes on the saints and feasts (and former feasts) of January

At various times on this blog I've posted notes on the feasts celebrated in the Benedictine calendar of 1962, so I thought that this year I would attempt to put together links to those notes for each month, so herewith the first installment.

I've also included links to posts and other resources on  saints of particular Benedictine interest, including those whose feasts are celebrated by particular congregations or monasteries (please do point me to any I'm missing).

1 January 

Octave Day of Christmas

The Octave Day of Christmas (aka New Year) is one of those feasts that have gone through a few incarnations in recent years.

Traditionally, today is the Feast of the Circumcision of Our Lord. The feast celebrates the first time the blood of Christ was shed, and thus the beginning of the process of the redemption of man. It also serves to demonstrate that Christ was fully human, and his obedience to Biblical law.

In the 1962 Calendar (including the Benedictine Universal Calendar), all of the traditional texts for the feast are retained, but the name is dropped in favour of the Octave Day. In the Novus Ordo calendar, the Feast was dropped altogether, and it has become the Feast of Mary, Mother of God...

For more:
Whatever happened to the feast of the Circumcision of Our Lord?

2 January  

St Thomas of Canterbury (Thomas a Becket), bishop & martyr















Once was...Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus

3 January  

Once was...Octave Day of St John the Evangelist

4 January 

St Titus, bishop &confessor

5 January 

Once was...vigil of the Epiphany

Saints of the martyrology: SS Telesphorus, Apollinaris, Emiliana

6 January

Feast of the Epiphany
More on the Epiphany
Twelfth Day

Sunday after Epiphany

Sunday after Epiphany or Holy Family?
Pick your feast

7 January – Class IV

Still Christmastide... But not the Octave of the Epiphany!

8 January

Not the third day in the Octave

9 January 

Not the fourth day in the Octave

10 January 

St Paul the first hermit, confessor



St Peter Orseleo OSB

Not the fifth day in the Octave of the Epiphany

St Gregory of Nyssa (wiki) (Benedictine Confederation 1975 calendar)

11 January 

Not the sixth day in the Octave of the Epiphany

12 January

St Benedict Biscop OSB - English Congregation



13 January

Commemoration of the Baptism of Our Lord

14 January

St Hilary of Poitiers, bishop and doctor
St Felix Nola, priest and martyr

15 January 

Our Lady of Prompt Succor (wiki)

SS Maurus and Placid, disciples of St Benedict (Benedictine Confederation 1975 calendar; 5 October in the 1962 calendar)

16 January 

St Marcellus I (Pope & martyr)

17 January 



St Anthony, abbot

18 January 

St Prisca (wiki)

St Peter's Chair (see 22 Feb)

19 January 

SS Marius, Martha, Audifax and Abachum, martyrs

St Wulfstan OSB (wiki) (English Congregation)

20 January 

St Fabian (Pope) and St Sebastian, martyrs

21 January

St Agnes virgin and martyr martyrology entry Matins reading on the saint

St Meinrad OSB, martyr

22 January 

St Vincent, martyr

from the martyrology: St Vincent of Saragosa and St Anastasius

23 January 

St Emerentiana, virgin & martyr (martyrology entry)

24 January 

St Timothy, bishop & martyr
From the matyrology: St Timothy and St Suranus, abbot

25 January 

Conversion of St Paul (commemoration of St Peter)
From the martyrology: St Poppo OSB

26 January 

St Polycarp, bishop and martyr
From the martyrology: St Paula

St. Robert, St. Alberic and St. Stephen, Abbots of Citeaux (New Clairvaux website) - Optional Memorial (Benedictine Confederation 1975 calendar)

St Bathildis (wiki), Queen of France (Le Barroux)

27 January 

St John Chrysostom, bishop, confessor & doctor Matins reading on the saint

28 January 

St Cyril of Alexandria, bishop, confessor, doctor Matins reading

29 January

St Frances de Sales, bishop, confessor, doctor Matins reading (Roman Office)

30 January 

St Adelgundis OSB (wiki)

31 January

St John Bosco, confessor Matins reading (Roman Office)

St Alban Roe OSB, priest and martyr  (English Congregation)

Ordo for Christmastide, from the first Sunday within the Octave

Sunday 27 December – Sunday within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II; Commemoration of St John the Evangelist

Matins: as for the Nativity except for the readings and responsories

Lauds to None: MD 77* ff'; commemoration of St John, MD 92*

Vespers of the Nativity, Magnificat antiphon, MD 82*; commemoration of St John, MD 96*

Monday 28 December - Holy Innocents, Class II; Fourth day in the Octave of Christmas

Matins: Common of several martyrs, except for the invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings (of the feast)

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts with festal psalms, commemoration of the Octave, MD 97* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons, etc MD 97* ff

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Nativity, MD 65* [4th psalm   = Ps 131]; proper texts, MD 101* ff

Tuesday 29 December –  Fifth Day within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II [in some places, St Thomas Beckett, Class I]

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds: festal psalms with rest of the Nativity, MD 61*ff

Prime to None:  Antiphons and proper texts of the Nativity

Vespers: of the Nativity

Wednesday 30 December  –  Sixth Day within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds: festal psalms with rest of the Nativity, MD 61*ff

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts of Nativity

Vespers: of the Nativity [4th psalm   = Ps 131]

Thursday 31 December - Seventh Day within the Octave; commemoration of St Sylvester

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds: festal psalms with rest of the Nativity, MD 61*ff; for the commemoration, MD 103-4*

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts of Nativity

I Vespers of the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lord, MD 104* ff: Antiphons and proper texts with psalms from Common of feasts of the BVM, MD (119)

Friday 1 January – Octave of the Nativity, Class I

Matins: Proper antiphons etc, psalms of Christmas

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast, MD 108* ff, with festal (Sunday) psalms, MD 44

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD 108*

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast, MD 111* ff

Vespers:  As for I Vespers, MD 104* ff, with Magnificat antiphon, MD 113* 

Compline: Marian Antiphon, Alma Redemptoris Mater

Saturday 2 January - Class IV; Office of Our Lady on Saturday [**in some places, St Thomas of Canterbury]

Matins: Saturday 1 of January

Lauds:  As for the Office of Our Lady throughout the year, MD (129) except for the Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD (133)

Prime to None: As for the Office of Our Lady throughout the year, MD (129) except for the Antiphons MD (134) and (for Terce to None) collect MD (133)

I Vespers of the Second Sunday after the Nativity, MD 113* ff

**for St Thomas, see MD 2**

Happy Christmas!

Nativité-Heures-Getty.jpg

May you have a happy and holy Christmas!

Ordo for the Fourth Week of Advent/Christmas

Notes on the Office during the season of the Nativity can be found here.

The Matins readings for Sunday can be found here; the readings for the rest of the week at Matins will be up on the lectio divina blog in due course.

Sunday 20 December – Fourth Sunday of Advent, Class I

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 48* ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62)

Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 45* except for Antiphon for Magnificat, O clavis David MD 36*

Monday 21 December – St Thomas, Class II

All as in the Common of Apostles, MD (9), except for the Canticle antiphons, MD [22] and collect, MD [23].

Note that in the commemoration of the feria at Lauds, the Benedictus antiphon Nolite timere, MD 43* is said; Vespers: Magnificat antiphon, O Oriens, MD 36* (with versicle and collect of Advent IV)

Tuesday 22 December - Tuesday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of the day, MD 37-8*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, Consurge; collect (Sunday IV), MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon 1, MD 37-8*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 38*; texts of Advent, MD 14*ff; collect, MD 12*

Vespers: Antiphons, MD 37-8* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Rex Gentium, MD 36*

Wednesday 23 December - Wednesday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of the day, MD 38-9*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, Ecce completa sunt, MD 45*; collect (Sunday IV), MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon 1, MD 38-9*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 39*; texts of Advent, MD 14*ff; collect, MD 12*
Vespers: Antiphons, MD 38-9* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Emmanuel, MD 36*

Thursday 24 December – Vigil of the Nativity

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings of the feast; antiphons and psalms of the day; readings of the feast

Lauds: Festal psalms (of Sunday), MD 44 with antiphons and proper texts, MD 54* ff

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD 54*

Terce to None: Antiphons and texts, MD 57* ff

I Vespers of the Nativity: MD 58* ff

Friday 25 December – Nativity of Our Lord, Class I with a II Class Octave

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts, festal psalms, MD 61* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 64* ff

Vespers: Antiphons, psalms and proper texts, MD 65* ff

Saturday 26 December - Second day in the Octave of Christmas; St Stephen, Protomartyr, Class II

Matins: Common of martyrs except for the Invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings (of the feast)

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts with festal psalms, commemoration of the Octave, MD 83* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons, MD 83* ff

Vespers of St Stephen: Vespers of the Nativity [4th psalm   = Ps 131], with proper texts of the feast, MD 87* ff; commemoration of the Sunday, MD 77*

The O Antiphons

Here in Australia it is 17 December, a date that marks the start of our Christmas novena, a period of increased intensity in the Office.

This is actually the most complex period of the year in terms of saying the Office, since you have to juggle the antiphons for the day, psalms of the day, and the proper texts for Advent.  The reward, though, comes in the richness of the texts, above all in the O Antiphons for the Magnificat.

They are of course most commonly sung in their plainchant form.  But I have to admit I kind of like the idea of an O antiphon flashmob...

Blog reorganisation

Just to let readers know I've done a little tidying up of the blog, and in particular transferred a lot of the links I had in sidebars to new pages, which can be accessed from the links on the top bar (under the blog title).

There are now pages for the Ordo (though I'll keep current month stuff in the sidebar), learning the Office, Benedictine spirituality and Office related resources.

Most of this material is not new, just (hopefully) a bit better organised.

There is one new section of material you want to take a look at though, and that is the Office Resources page.  Contains listings of chant books for the Office available online, books about the hymns of the Office and a lot more.  I'd love to add in any other useful resources you are aware of that I may have missed.

PS Feedback on the org, especially if you hate it and want me to put something back n the sidebars, is welcome!

Ordo for the Third Week of Advent

Note that from Thursday this week the rubrics become more complicated, with antiphons for day of the week a the hours, and the start of the O antiphons at Vespers. You can read more on the rubrics for this period here.

Sunday 13 December – Third Sunday of Advent, Class I (Gaudete Sunday)

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 31*ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62); collect (except at Prime)

Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 28* except for canticle antiphon, MD 35*

Monday 14 December – Monday in the third week of Advent, Class III

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 41-2*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 3, proper texts of Advent

Tuesday 15 December  -– Tuesday in the third week of Advent, Class III
 [EF: St Eusebius]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 42*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 3, proper texts of Advent

Wednesday 16 December – Ember Wednesday of Advent, Class II 

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9*ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 42*; collect, MD 42-3*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 3, proper texts of Advent

Thursday 17 December – Thursday in the third week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons, MD 39*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 43*; collect, MD 43*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Thursday, MD 39*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 39*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 43*

Vespers: Antiphons, MD 39* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Sapientia, MD 35*

Friday 18 December – Ember Friday of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons, MD 39-40*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 44*; collect, MD 44*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Friday, MD 39*

Terce to None:  Psalms for throughout the week with antiphons, MD 40*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 44*

Vespers: Psalms of Friday with Antiphons, MD 39-40* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Adonai, MD 35*; collect, MD 44*

Saturday 19 December – Ember Saturday in Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons, MD 40*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 44*; collect, MD 45*

Prime: Antiphon, MD 40*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 41*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 45*

I Vespers for the fourth Sunday of Advent, MD 45*ff; O Antiphon for the Magnificat, O radix Iesse, MD 36*

Ordo for the Second Week of Advent

This post provides the ordo for the second week of Advent.  You may also wish to consult my more detailed notes on saying the Office in Advent.  I've also placed a PDF of the structure of the Office during Advent guide I posted a few days ago in the BenOfficeHelp Yahoo Group.

In addition, for those who want to say Matins, or would like to use the readings for lectio divina purposes, I've put them up over at my Lectio Divina Notes blog.  I will add a list of the daily readings for this week in due course.

SECOND WEEK OF ADVENT

Sunday 6 December – Second Sunday of Advent, Class I

Lauds to Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 22* ff; psalms of Sunday 

At Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62

Monday 7 December – St Ambrose, Class III

Matins: Third reading of the feast; Chapter verse for a Confessor Bishop

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Monday in Advent; chapter etc from Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64); collect, MD [10]; commemoration of the feria, MD 26-7*

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts from Common of a Confessor Bishop with psalms of Monday, collect MD [10]

I Vespers of the Immaculate Conception: Antiphons and proper texts, MD [11] with psalms from the Common of the BVM MD (119); commemoration of the feria, MD 27*

Tuesday 8 December - The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and rest from MD [13] ff ; for the commemoration of the feria: versicle, MD 11*; canticle antiphon, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast

Vespers: Psalms of I Vespers of the BVM, MD (119); antiphons and rest of the feast, MD [11] ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD [17]; for the commemoration of the feria: versicle, MD 17*; Magnificat antiphon, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Wednesday 9 December – Wednesday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*
Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

Thursday 10 December – Thursday in the second week of Advent, Class III [**in some places, Blessed Mark Barkworth, John Roberts and companions, memorial; EF: Commemoration of St Melchiades]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 27-28*; collect, MD 11*
Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

For Bl.  Mark Barwkworth, MD 2**

Friday 11 December - Friday in the second week of Advent, Class III St Damasus, memorial [EF: Class III]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 28*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [17-8]

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

Saturday 12 December – Saturday in the second week of Advent, Class III [EF: in some places, Our Lady of Guadeloupe]

 Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk II); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 28*

I Vespers of Third Sunday in Advent, MD 28* ff

Office during Advent (up to December 16)

In view of a couple of queries I've received, I thought it might be useful to share again this quick reference guide to saying the Office during Advent up to December 16.  You can find it with more detailed notes in my post on the Rubrics for Advent.

Note that it doesn't give you the page numbers for the canticle antiphons each day - you will need to consult the Ordo for those.  It also needs to be adjusted for any feasts, for which again, consult the Ordo!

If you have any questions, please do leave a comment, if you want to ask, it probably means ten other people do too, but just haven't gotten around to it... 

Matins

Opening as usual (Domine labia mea aperies…)
Psalm 3
Invitatory antiphon for Advent (MB 14), Regem venturum Dominum with Ps 94
Hymn for Advent: Verbum supernum prodiens
Nocturn I: psalms and antiphons of the day
                 Versicles for Advent, MB 14
                 3 readings and responsories (for the particular day and week of Advent)
Nocturn II: psalms and antiphons of the day
                   Chapter and versicle for Advent
Closing prayers
                 
 Lauds

Opening prayers and invitatory psalms as usual
Psalms and antiphons of the day (up until 17 December)
Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*
Canticle antiphon for the day and week of Advent
Collect of the previous Sunday, MD 11*

Prime

Opening prayers
Antiphon for week of Advent: Week I (Iucundare/Be glad), MD 13*
Psalms of day
Chapter, versicle and closing prayers as usual

Terce
Opening prayer and hymn as usual;
Antiphons for the week of Advent (Week I, Urbs/Sion), MD 13*;
Psalms for day;
Chapter and versicle for Advent, MD 14* or psalter;
Closing prayers as usual;
Collect of the week, MD 11*

Sext
Opening prayer and hymn as usual;
Antiphons for the week of Advent (Week I, Ecce/Behold), MD 14*;
Psalms for day;
Chapter and versicle for Advent, MD 14* or psalter;
Closing prayers as usual;
Collect of the week, MD 11*

None

Opening prayer and hymn as usual;
Antiphons for the week of Advent (Week I, Ecce/Behold), MD 15*;
Psalms for day;
Chapter and versicle for Advent, MD 15* or psalter;
Closing prayers as usual;
Collect of the week, MD 11*

Vespers

Opening prayers as usual
Psalms and antiphons of the psalter
Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent,  MD 15*- 17*
Magnificat antiphon for the day and week of Advent/Magnificat

Compline

Starts MD 25

Marian Antiphon: Alma Redemptoris Mater, MD 265