Monday, February 6, 2012

Ordo for April 2012


British Library, Additional MS 18851
1480s
Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country.

Note that EF=Roman Extraordinary Form calendar.

Please let me know if you find any errors, or have any questions on the Ordo.

If you would like these notes in word document form, or as a daily email, please consider joining the tradben yahoo group.

 THE ORDO

Sunday 1 April – Second Passion Sunday or Palm Sunday, Class I

See MD 255*ff:

Lauds: Antiphons for the day, MD 255* with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62); chapter etc for the day.

Prime to None: Antiphons and chapter verses, MD 258-260*.

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers, Magnificat antiphon MD 260*.

Monday 2 April – Monday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 260-1* with psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 261*.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 260*) with psalms etc of Monday.

Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 260-1*; chapter and versicle for Passiontide, MD 242-244*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244-6*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 261-2*.

Tuesday 3 April - Tuesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 262* with psalms of Tuesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 263*.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 262*) with psalms etc of Tuesday.

Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 262*; chapter and versicle for Passiontide, MD 242-244*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244-6*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 263*

Wednesday 4 April – Wednesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 263-4* with psalms of Wednesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 264*.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 263*) with psalms etc of Wednesday.

Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 264*; chapter and versicle for Passiontide, MD 242-244*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244-6*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 265*

Note: According to the 1962 rubrics, Tenebrae (Matins and Lauds of each day of the Triduum) may not be anticipated when said in choir or in common. However, this instruction is widely ignored, and the earlier practice of saying these hours on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday evenings followed. If this is done, Compline should be said, before Tenebrae!

Thursday 5 April – Maundy Thursday, Class I

See MD 265* - 309*. Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers;
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm;
  • The psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 265ff 
Vespers are not said by those who attend the evening mass.

Compline is said according to the rubrics at MD 305* after the denudation of the altar, with extinguished candles and no chant.

Friday 6 April – Good Friday

See MD 309* - 318*. Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers;
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm;
  • The psalms etc for Prime to None are set out at MD 279ff;
  • ‘Mortem autem crucis’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD282*.
Vespers are not said by those who attend the afternoon liturgy; if it is said, see MD 296*.

Compline as for Maundy Thursday, MD 305*

Saturday 7 April – Holy Saturday

See MD 318* - 326*. Note that:
  •  there are no opening prayers;
  • the Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm;
  • the psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 279ff;
  • ‘Propter quod…’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD282*
Vespers as per Maundy Thursday, MD 296* except for the first antiphon and Magnificat antiphon, MD 325*. It may said any time after noon.  Compline, MD 305*.

Sunday 8 April – Easter Sunday


See MD 328*- 335

Matins and Lauds are included in the Vigil, so do not need to be said by those who attended it.  If it is said, note Psalm scheme 2 (92, etc).

At Compline note that the Marian Antiphon is Regina Caeli.

Monday 9 April - Monday within the Octave of Easter

Throughout the Octave, all as for Easter Sunday including psalms at the day hours, except that:
  • Matins has two nocturns and readings for each day (or note option of using ferial psalms with antiphon for the feast throughout the octave);
  • Lauds and Vespers have Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons for each day;
  • collect is of the day.

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings.

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons, collect, MD 335*.

Tuesday 10 April – Tuesday within Octave of Easter

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings.

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons, collect, MD 336*.

Wednesday 11 April - Wednesday in the Octave of Easter

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings.

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons, collect, MD 336-7*

Thursday 12 April – Thursday in the Octave of Easter

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings.

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons, collect, MD 337*

Friday 13 April – Friday in the Octave of Easter

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings.

Lauds to Compline All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons, collect, MD 337-8*

Saturday 14 April – White Saturday in the Octave of Easter

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Easter Sunday, antiphon of the day, ferial psalms, three readings.

Lauds to Compline: All as for Easter Sunday including psalms, except for Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons, collect, MD 338

I Vespers of Low Sunday, MD 339*ff

Sunday 15 April - Low Sunday, Class I

See MD 341*-345*:
Lauds: three antiphons with festal psalms, ie Antiphon 1(Alleluia) – Ps 92, 99, 62 – Ant 1; Antiphon 2 (Surrexit) – Benedicite – Ant 2; Antiphon 3 – Laudate psalms – Antiphon 3; Rest from MD 342*ff

Prime to None – Antiphons and proper texts MD 344*ff

Vespers: II Vespers of Low Sunday – psalms of Sunday under one antiphon.

Monday 16 April – Class IV

Ordinary of the Ferial Office in Paschaltide, see MD 346*.  Note especially that at Lauds and Vespers canticles have proper antiphons for each day of the week.

All as in Monday in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide (note especially hymns of the season for Lauds and Vespers).

At Lauds and Vespers, Canticle antiphons MD 352*; Collect (of Low Sunday) MD 344

Tuesday 17 April - Class IV

All as in Tuesday in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide (note especially hymns of the season for Lauds and Vespers).

At Lauds and Vespers, Canticle antiphons MD 352*; Collect (of Low Sunday) MD 344.

Wednesday 18 April – Class IV

All as in Wednesday in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide (note especially hymns of the season for Lauds and Vespers). At Lauds and Vespers, Canticle antiphons MD 352-3*; Collect (of Low Sunday), MD 344

Thursday 19 April – Class IV; Anniversary of the election of Pope Benedict XVI

All as in Thursday in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide (note especially hymns of the season for Lauds and Vespers). At Lauds and Vespers, Canticle antiphons MD 353*; Collect (of Low Sunday) MD 344.

Friday 20 April – Class IV

All as in Friday in the Psalter with the Ordinary of Eastertide (note especially hymns of the season for Lauds and Vespers). At Lauds and Vespers, Canticle antiphons MD 353*; Collect (of Low Sunday) MD 344

Saturday 21 April - St Anselm OSB, Class III

See MD [110] ff – note choice of offices.

Matins: Either one reading, of the feast, or use hymn Fortis en praesul at matins with reading as above, or three nocturnes, all from Common of a confessor Bishop except for the readings etc for Nocturns II&III.

Lauds to None: either antiphons and psalms of Saturday at Lauds, with rest from Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64), or use the Common of a Confessor Bishop with the Benedictus antiphon and collect of the saint.

I Vespers of Second Sunday after Easter (Good Shepherd Sunday), MD 354*ff

Sunday 22 April – Second Sunday after Easter, Class II

Matins: Invitatatory antiphon Surrexit Dominus vere; Hymn Rex Sempiterne; three nocturns with readings for Sunday II post Pascha.

See MD 356*ff:

Lauds: (Three) Antiphons for Eastertide with festal psalms for Eastertide ie Antiphon 1(Alleluia) – Ps 92, 99, 62 – Ant 1; Antiphon 2 (Surrexit) – Benedicite – Ant 2; Antiphon 3 – Laudate psalms – Antiphon 3; Rest from MD 356*ff.

Prime: antiphons of Eastertide, rest as in the psalter for Sunday.

Terce to None: antiphons of Eastertide, Sunday psalms; chapter verse, versicle and collect from MD 358*ff.

Vespers: Psalms of Sunday under one antiphon; rest from MD 359-60*

Monday 23 April - St George, Memorial

All as in the psalter for Monday in Eastertide with the Collect of Sunday MD 358* with Canticle antiphons MD 360*; for the commemoration, MD [112-3]

Tuesday 24 April – Class IV

All as in the psalter for Tuesday in Eastertide with the Collect of Sunday MD 358* with Canticle antiphons MD 360*.

Wednesday 25 April - Greater Litanies; St Mark, Class II [NB in Australia and New Zealand, ANZAC Day]

Matins: Three Nocturns (Common of Apostles with readings etc for the feast)

Lauds to Vespers: All from the Common of Apostles except for the collect, MD [113]

(See the notes on the Litanies at Mass)

Thursday 26 April - St Cletus, Memorial [EF: Cl 3]

All as in the psalter for Thursday in Eastertide, with the collect of Sunday MD 358*; Canticle antiphons MD 361*. At Lauds, for the commemoration, MD [113-4]

Friday 27 April – St Peter Canisius, Memorial [EF Cl 3]

All as in the psalter for Friday in Eastertide, with the collect of Sunday MD 358*; Canticle antiphons MD 361-2*. At Lauds, commemoration, MD [114-5]

Saturday 28 April – Saturday of Our Lady

See MD (134)ff. Note that the antiphons and versicles for Prime to None should have alleluias added to them.

I Vespers MD 362*ff

Sunday 29 April - Third Sunday after Easter, Class II

Matins: Invitatatory antiphon Surrexit Dominus vere; Hymn Rex Sempiterne; three nocturns with readings for Sunday III post Pascha.

See MD 363*ff:

Lauds: (Three) Antiphons for Eastertide with festal psalms for Eastertide ie Antiphon 1(Alleluia) – Ps 92, 99, 62 – Ant 1; Antiphon 2 (Surrexit) – Benedicite – Ant 2; Antiphon 3 – Laudate psalms – Antiphon 3; Rest from MD 363*ff.

Prime: antiphons of Eastertide, rest as in the psalter for Sunday.

Terce to None: antiphons of Eastertide, Sunday psalms; chapter verse, versicle and collect from MD 364*ff.

Vespers: Psalms of Sunday under one antiphon; chapter of Lauds; responsory and hymn from MD 354*; Magnificat antiphon, MD 365*.

Monday 30 April - Class IV

Matins to Lauds: All as in the psalter for Monday in Eastertide with the Collect of Sunday MD 363*ff; Canticle antiphons MD 365*

I Vespers of St Joseph the Worker

4 comments:

Anonymous said...

So, just to check that I have understood correctly, we use th Sunday Psalms for the whole week, is that correct?

Thanks again for this blog,

Jason

Kate said...

Yes that is my understanding and aligns with how it is done in the Roman Rite.

Anonymous said...

Kate,

I'm not sure your blog is correct about Matins of the Easter octave. In the pre-Vatican II Benedictine office, Matins of Monday and Tuesday each have three nocturns and 12 readings, with psalms and antiphons as for Easter day (although Matins of Easter Day itself was suppressed with the Holy Week revisions under Pius XII). Wednesday through Saturday, Matins of the octave has two nocturns, with the psalms of the current weekday; one proper antiphon is used for each nocturn. On these days there are three readings, which are three parts of a homily on the days gospel, preceded by the opening few lines from the Gospel itself.
Note that even the reformed rite has an option for the three-nocturn Matins (or Vigils, as it's called in the new rite) for Easter Monday: see bottom of page 455 of the Psalterium Monasticum.
A good reference for the pre-Vatican Benedictine Matins: "Monastic Breviary Matins" published by Lancelot Andrewes Press. This is an Anglican edition, but has a supplement for variants between the Anglican and Roman Catholic rites, to include rubrics updates through 1956.

Kevin

Kate said...

Kevin,

Your comments are correct so far as the 1956 revisions go.

However, as stated in the introduction to this ordo, I'm using the 1961/2 rubrics approved for the Benedictine Order as a whole.

These are set out in full in the Breviarium Monasticum summorum pontificum cura recognitum pro ominibus sub regula S P Benedicti militantitibus iussu abbtis primis editum, Marietti, Rome 1962.

The 1961 rubrics do make some, in my view, unfortunate changes to the structure of the Octave including the reduction of Matins to two octaves (the readings are those for the old third nocturn)and rapid return to the ferial psalms as I've noted in the Ordo.

Individual monasteries can and do modify these rubrics (with proper approval) in varous ways, but these are the standard, generally applicable ones.

And I'm afraid an Anglican published book can never be used as an authority for rubrics from a catholic perspective at least!