Saturday, March 28, 2015

Ordo for Holy Week


Sunday March 29 – Second Passion Sunday or Palm Sunday, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons for the day, MD 255* with psalm scheme 1 (Ps 50, 117, 62); chapter etc for the day

Prime to None: Antiphons and chapter verses, MD 258* ff

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday; chapter etc as per I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, MD 260*

The Office in Holy Week to Wednesday

The first days of Holy Week are all first class days:

For those who say it, Matins each day has two nocturns/three readings, with the invitatory antiphon and hymn of Passiontide.

Lauds to None have proper antiphons for each day, with other texts from the ordinary of Passiontide.

Vespers uses the usual antiphons from the psalter, with a proper canticle and collect.

Monday March 30 – Monday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 260-1* with psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory and hymn of Passiontide, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 261*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 260*) with psalms etc of Monday

Terce to None: Antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 260-1*; chapter and versicle of passiontide; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 261-2*

Tuesday March 31 - Tuesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 262* with psalms of Tuesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240* ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD 263*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 262*) with psalms etc of Tuesday

Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 262*; chapter and versicle for passiontide; collect of Lauds

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 263*

Wednesday April 1  – Wednesday in Holy Week, Class I

Lauds: Antiphons MD 263-4* with psalms of Wednesday; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 240*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 264*
Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds (MD 263*) with psalms etc of Wednesday
Terce to None: antiphons 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds respectively, MD 264*; chapter and versicle for Passiontide, MD 242* ff; collect of Lauds
Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 244* ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 265*

THE SACRED TRIDUUM

The Office during the Triduum

The Office during the Triduum does not follow the normal form as set out in the psalter.  In addition, some of the Holy Week ceremonies include parts of the Office so that those who attend them do not need to sing or say those particular hours separately.

Matins and Lauds: The Office of Tenebrae, or Matins and Lauds, is a special feature of the Triduum. It is said in darkness, and a candle is extinguished as each of the psalms is said, and the Roman (EF) and Benedictine forms of this Office are identical.

The 1962 rubrics specify that Tenebrae is not be anticipated, or said the night before. As this generally makes public recitation of the Office impractical outside a monastery, it is generally ignored. Thus the normal practice is to perform Tenebrae for Maundy Thursday on Wednesday night, and so forth. Note that the Diurnal does not contain the Matins psalms for Tenebrae, so you will need to obtain these from elsewhere should you wish to say it in full.

If Tenebrae is sung in the evening, Compline should be said beforehand.

Prime to None: The psalms for Prime, Terce, Sext and None during the Triduum are set out on MD 279* ff. No introductory prayer or hymns are said, and the Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm. Each hour closes the antiphon ‘Christus factus est’ – each day of the Triduum, an additional phrase of the antiphon is added, as set out on MD 282*.

Vespers: Vespers (if said) is often said quite early, in order to make room for Tenebrae/the Easter Vigil. The antiphons and psalms for Vespers can be found on MD 296* ff.

Note that there are no introductory prayers; as for the other hours, the Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm; the first psalm on Holy Saturday is on MD 298*; antiphons for the Magnificat each day are on MD 303*; on Maundy Thursday and Good Friday, the antiphon Christus factus est is said; and on the concluding prayers for Holy Saturday, see MD 305*.

Compline: The rubrics for Compline from Maundy Thursday to Holy Saturday are set out on MD 305* ff. Note the addition of the Nunc Dimittis.

Thursday April 2 –– Maundy Thursday, Class I

Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 265* ff
 Vespers are not said by those who attend the evening mass.

Compline is said according to the rubrics at MD 305* after the denudation of the altar, with extinguished candles and no chant.

Friday April 3 – Good Friday, Class I

See MD 309*ff.  Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms etc for Prime to None are set out at MD 279* ff
  • ‘Mortem autem crucis’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD 282*; and
  • Compline as for Maundy Thursday, MD 305*
 Vespers is not said by those who attend the afternoon liturgy; if it is said, see MD 296*

Saturday April 4 – Holy Saturday, Class I

See MD 318* ff.  Note that:
  • There are no opening prayers
  • The Gloria Patri is not said at the end of each psalm
  • The psalms and antiphons to be used are set out at MD 279* ff
  • Propter quod…’ is added to the antiphon Christus factus est, MD 282*

Vespers:  As per Maundy Thursday, MD 296* except for the first antiphon and Magnificat antiphon, MD 325*.  It may said any time after noon.
Compline: MD 325*

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