Ordo for December 2014



This calendar (Ordo) for the traditional Benedictine Office has been prepared accordance with the calendar and rubrics of the Monastic Breviary of 1963 for use by all Benedictine monasteries and oblates attached to them.

It is intended as an aid to those who wish to say the Benedictine Office using the order of the psalms and prayers as specified in St Benedict’s Rule and developed as part of the patrimony of the Order of St Benedict.

Variations from the calendar

Individual monasteries may, however, observe their own Ordos and use rubrics that differ somewhat from those specified in the Monastic Breviary.

In addition to the feasts specified in the calendar, it will be necessary to add in any local feasts particular to the monastery, parish, diocese and country.

While the Benedictine Calendar generally follows the structure of the 1962 Roman Extraordinary Form (EF) Calendar, the monastic calendar, it does differ from it in some respects, and the calendar below generally indicates where there are feasts of the EF calendar that are omitted or celebrated differently in the Benedictine general calendar.

Monastic Diurnal

A number of Catholic and other books are available to say the Benedictine Divine Office in its traditional form and calendar.

These include the two volume 1963 Breviarium Monasticum (out of print), the Antiphonale Monasticum (containing the chants for the day hours and available through the monastery of Le Barroux and elsewhere), and books for the individual hours available through Clear Creek Abbey in the US and on lulu.

The most useful starting point for most people, however, will surely be the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey.  Originally intended for novices and those religious travelling outside the monastery, it provides the day hours (Lauds to Compline) in a parallel English/Latin text version with translations prepared by monks of that monastery in the first half of the twentieth century. The current edition is essentially the 1963 edition of that book, which carried an imprimatur.  
Accordingly, the calendar provided here provides page references to the MD, and instructions on how to say the Benedictine Office using that book can also be found on the blog (see the right hand sidebar). Please note that the Diurnal is not page numbered sequentially, but differentiates sections of the book by use of asterisks, square brackets and so forth.

Matins is not included in the Diurnal, but occasional notes (generally where the hour does not follow the normal pattern) have been included here for the benefit of those who use other books to say that hour.

If you have comments, questions or corrections to offer, please use the comment function on the blog or  contact the author at australiaincognita@gmail.com.

Key to abbreviations

MD=Monastic Diurnal
EF=Roman Extraordinary Form

DECEMBER 2014

Monday 1 December – Monday in the first week of Advent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 17*; collect, MD 11*;

Prime: Antiphon for week I, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphon for Advent wk I, MD 13* ff; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 17*; collect, MD 11*

Tuesday 2 December – Tuesday in the first week of Advent, Class III; St Peter Chrysologus, memorial [EF: St Bibiana]

Lauds: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration, MD [8-9]

Prime to None: Antiphon for week I, MD 13*; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*

Wednesday 3 December – Wednesday in the first week of Advent, Class III; St Francis Xavier, memorial [EF: Class III]

Lauds and Vespers: Psalms of the day, proper texts of the season (Chapter, hymn etc), MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [9]

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 1, proper texts of Advent

For St Francis Xavier as a Class I feast, see MD 1**

Thursday 4 December – Thursday in the first week of Advent, Class III [EF: St Peter Chrysologus; St Barbara]

Lauds and Vespers: Psalms of the day, proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 18*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 1, proper texts of Advent

Friday 5 December – Friday in the first week of Advent, Class III [EF: Commemoration of St Sabbas]

Lauds and Vespers: Psalms of the day, proper texts of the season, MD 9*ff; canticle antiphons, MD 19*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 1, proper texts of Advent

Saturday 6 December  - Saturday in the first week of Advent; St Nicholas, memorial

Lauds: Psalms of the day, proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphon, MD 19*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [9-10]

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 1, proper texts of Advent

I Vespers of the Second Sunday of Advent, MD 19* ff

Sunday 7 December – Second Sunday of Advent, Class I

Lauds to Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 22* ff; psalms of Sunday 

At Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62

At Vespers: Commemoration of the Immaculate Conception, MD [17] (versicle and antiphon), MD [15-16] (collect)

Monday 8 December – The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class I

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons and rest from MD [13] ff ; for the commemoration of the feria: versicle, MD 11*; canticle antiphon, MD 26-27*; collect, MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast

Vespers: Psalms of I Vespers of the BVM, MD (119); antiphons and rest of the feast, MD [11] ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD [17]; for the commemoration of the feria: versicle, MD 17*; Magnificat antiphon, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Tuesday 9 December – Tuesday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

Wednesday 10 December – Wednesday in the second week of Advent, Class III [**in some places, Blessed Mark Barkworth, John Roberts and companions, memorial; EF: Commemoration of St Melchiades]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 27*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

Thursday 11 December – Thursday in the second week of Advent, Class III; St Damasus, memorial [EF: Class III; in some places: Our Lady of Guadeloupe;]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 27-8*; collect, MD 11*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [17-8]

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

Friday 12 December - Friday in the second week of Advent, Class III [EF: in some places, Our Lady of Guadeloupe]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 28*; collect, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons for week 2, proper texts of Advent

Saturday 13 December – St Lucy, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts of the feast, MD [18] ff with festal psalms; commemoration of the feria, MD 28*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds

Terce to None: Antiphons and collect of Lauds; chapter etc of the feast

I Vespers of Third Sunday in Advent, MD 28* ff

Sunday 14 December – Third Sunday of Advent, Class I (Gaudete Sunday)

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 31*ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62); collect (except at Prime)
Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 28* except for canticle antiphon, MD 35* with Sunday psalms

Monday 15 December – Monday in the third week of Advent, Class III

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 41-42*; collect, MD 11*
Prime to None: Antiphons for week 3, proper texts of Advent

Tuesday 16 December  -– Tuesday in the third week of Advent, Class III
 [EF: St Eusebius]

Lauds and Vespers: Proper texts of the season, MD 9* ff; canticle antiphons, MD 42*; collect, MD 11*
Prime to None: Antiphons for week 3, proper texts of Advent

Wednesday 17 December – Ember Wednesday of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of day, MD 38-9*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 42*; collect, MD 42-3*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Wednesday, MD 38*

Terce to None:  Antiphons, MD 38-9*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 42-3*

Vespers: Psalms of Wednesday with Antiphons, MD 38-9* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Sapientia, MD 35*; collect, MD 42-3*

Thursday 18 December – Thursday in the third week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of the day, MD 39*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 43*; collect (Sunday III), MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Thursday, MD 39*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 39*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 11*

Vespers: Antiphons, MD 39* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Adonai, MD 35*

Friday 19 December – Ember Friday of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of the day, MD 39-40*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 44*; collect, MD 44*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Friday, MD 39*

Terce to None:  Psalms for throughout the week with antiphons, MD 40*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 44*

Vespers: Psalms of Friday with Antiphons, MD 39-40* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O radix Iesse, MD 36*; collect, MD 44*

Saturday 20 December – Ember Saturday in Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of the day, MD 40*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 44*; collect, MD 45*

Prime: Antiphon, MD 40*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 41*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 45*

I Vespers for the fourth Sunday of Advent, MD 45* ff; O Antiphon for the Magnificat, O Clavis, MD 36*

Sunday 21 December – Fourth Sunday of Advent, Class I

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 48* ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62); Benedictus Antiphon for December 21, Nolite Timere, MD 50*

Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 45* except for Antiphon for Magnificat, O Oriens MD 36*

Monday 22 December – Monday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of the day, MD 37*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 52*; collect (Sunday IV), MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon 1, MD 37*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 37*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 12*

Vespers: Antiphons, MD 37* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Rex Gentium, MD 36*

Tuesday 23 December - Tuesday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons of the day, MD 37-8*; chapter, versicle, hymn etc of Advent, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, Ecce completa sunt, MD 45*; collect (Sunday IV), MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon 1, MD 37-8*

Terce to None: Antiphons, MD 38*; texts of Advent, MD 14* ff; collect, MD 12*

Vespers: Antiphons, MD 37-8* (omit 4th); chapter etc of Advent; Magnificat antiphon, O Emmanuel, MD 36*

Wednesday 24 December - Vigil of the Nativity, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings of the feast; antiphons and psalms of Wednesday; readings of the feast

Lauds: Festal psalms (of Sunday), MD 44 with antiphons and proper texts, MD 54* ff

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD 54*

Terce to None: Antiphons and texts, MD 57* ff

CHRISTMASTIDE

I Vespers of the Nativity of Our Lord, MD 58* ff  (Sunday psalms with antiphons and texts from MD 58* ff)

Thursday 25 December – The Nativity of Our Lord, Class I with a II Class Octave

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts, festal psalms, MD 61* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 64* ff

Vespers: Antiphons, psalms and proper texts, MD 65* ff

Friday 26 December – St Stephen, Protomartyr, Class II

Matins: Common of martyrs except for the Invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings (of the feast)

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts with festal psalms, commemoration of the Octave, MD 83* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons, MD 83* ff

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Nativity, MD 65* (note alternating days on 4th psalm); proper texts, MD 87* ff

Saturday 27 December – St John the Evangelist, Class II

Matins: Common of Apostles except for the readings and responsories (of the feast)

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts with festal psalms, commemoration of the Octave, MD 90* ff

Prime to None: Antiphons, etc, MD 90* ff

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Nativity, MD 65* (note alternating days on 4th psalm); proper texts, MD 94* ff

Sunday 28 December – Sunday within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II; Commemoration of Holy Innocents

Matins: as for the Nativity except for the readings and responsories

Lauds to None: MD 77* ff'; for the commemoration, MD 99*

Vespers of the Nativity, Magnificat antiphon, MD 82*

Monday 29 December –  Fifth Day within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II [in some places, St Thomas Beckett, Class I]

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds to None: Psalms of Monday with antiphons and proper texts of the Nativity

Vespers: of the Nativity

Tuesday 30 December –  Sixth Day within the Octave of the Nativity, Class II

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds: festal psalms with rest of the Nativity, MD 61*ff; for the commemoration, MD 103-4*

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts of Nativity

I Vespers of the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lord, MD 104* ff: Antiphons and proper texts with psalms from Common of feasts of the BVM, MD (119)

Wednesday 31 December - Seventh Day within the Octave; commemoration of St Sylvester

Matins: Invitatory and hymn of the Nativity, 3 readings of the day

Lauds: festal psalms with rest of the Nativity, MD 61* ff; for the commemoration, MD 103-4*

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts of Nativity

I Vespers of the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lord, MD 104* ff: Antiphons and proper texts with psalms from Common of feasts of the BVM, MD (119)

Twenty-fourth Sunday after Pentecost




This is one of those rare years where the Twenty-fourth Sunday really is the last of the year, and thus we avoid the seemingly endless repetition of the propers for it at Mass!  The Gospel is St Matthew 24:13-25, a warning of the end times.

Benedictine Office for the week of the Twenty-fourth Sunday after Pentecost

Sunday 23 November – Twenty Fourth and last Sunday after Pentecost/Fifth Sunday of November, Class II
Monday 24 November - Class IV;  SS John of the Cross and Chrysogonus, memorials [EF: St John of the Cross]
Tuesday 25 November – Class IV; St Catherine, memorial [EF: Class III]
Wednesday 26 November – Class IV; St Sylvester, memorial [EF: Class III]
Thursday 27 November – Class IV
Friday 28 November – Class IV
Saturday 29 November – Our Lady on Saturday; St Saturinus, memorial [**in some places Blessed Richard, Hugo, John memorial]

You can find further details of how to say the Office on these days in the Ordo for November.


Twenty-third Sunday after Pentecost




This Sunday's Gospel is St Matthew 9:18-26, the healing of the woman with an issue of blood and the raising of the ruler's daughter.

Benedictine Office for the week of the Twenty-third Sunday after Pentecost

Sunday 16 November – Twenty-Third Sunday after Pentecost/Fourth Sunday of November, Class II
Monday 17 November - St Gertrude, Class II/III [EF: St Gregory Thaumaturgis]
Tuesday 18 November - Dedication of the Basilicas of SS Peter and Paul, Class III
Wednesday 19 November - Class IV [EF: St Elizabeth]
Thursday 20 November – Class IV [**In some places: St Edmund; EF: St Felix of Valois]
Friday 21 November – Presentation of the BVM, Class III; Commemoration of St Columba
Saturday 22 November - St Caecilia, Class III

You can find further details of how to say the Office on these days in the Ordo for November.

Dedication of St John Lateran/Twenty-second week after Pentecost



Benedictine Office for the week of  9 November

Note that this week provides a repeat of the Offices for All Saints and All Souls, recognising especially this time, and praying for. the souls of the faithful dead of the Order.

The other key feast this week is of St Martin of Tours, to whom St Benedict dedicated one of the chapels on Monte Cassino.

Sunday 9 November – Dedication of the Archbasilica of the Most Holy Saviour (St John Lateran)
Monday 10 November – Class IV; St Theodore, memorial [EF: St Andrew Avellino]
Tuesday 11 November - St Martin of Tours, Class II
Wednesday 12 November – Class IV; St Mennes, memorial [EF: St Martin I]
Thursday 13 November – All Saints of the Benedictine Order, Class II [EF: St Didacus]
Friday 14 November – All Souls of the Benedictine Order, Class II [EF: St Josaphat]
Saturday 15 November – Our Lady on Saturday (Sat 3); St Albert the Great, memorial [EF: Class III]


You can find further details of how to say the Office on these days in the Ordo for November.

Twenty-first Sunday after Pentecost



This Sunday's Gospel is St Matthew 18:23-35.

Benedictine Office for the week of the Twenty-first Sunday after Pentecost

Sunday 2 November – Twenty-first Sunday after Pentecost/First Sunday of November, Class II
Monday 3 November – All Souls, Class I (transferred)
Tuesday 4 November – Class IV; St Charles Borromeo, memorial [EF: Class III]
Wednesday 5 November – Class IV
Thursday 6 November – Class IV
Friday 7 November – Class IV
Saturday 8 November – Our Lady on Saturday (Sat 2 of November); The Four Crowned, Martyrs, memorial

You can find further details of how to say the Office on these days in the Ordo for November.



Feast of Christ the King


This week is the twentieth after Pentecost, but on the Sunday, this is displaced by the feast of Christ the King in the 1962 calendar (note that the in Novus Ordo, this feast has been moved to the last Sunday of the liturgical year).  The feast is actually of very recent origins, being established by Pius XI in 1925.

In addition, Saturday is the feast of All Saints, and you can find the details on how to celebrate it in the Office in the Ordo for November.

The Office this week in summary (Benedictine 1962 General Calendar)

Sunday 26 October – Feast of Christ the King, Class I
Monday 27 October - Class IV
Tuesday 28 October - SS Simon and Jude, Class II
Wednesday 29 October - Class IV
Thursday 30 October - Class IV
Friday 31 October - Class IV
Saturday 1 November – All Saints, Class I

You can find more details of how to celebrate these hours in the Ordo for October.

Nineteenth Sunday after Pentecost



This week's Gospel is St Matthew 22: 1-14.

The Office this week in summary (Benedictine 1962 General Calendar)

Sunday 19 October – Nineteenth Sunday after Pentecost/Fourth Sunday of October, Class II
Monday 20 October - Class IV [EF: St John Cantius]
Tuesday 21 October – Class IV; St Hilarion, memorial
Wednesday 22 October - Class IV
Thursday 23 October  - Class IV [EF: St Antony Mary Claret]
Friday 24 October - Class IV [EF/***in some places, St Raphael]
Saturday 25 October - Saturday of Our Lady (Sat 5 of October); SS Chrysanthus and Daria, memorial

You can find more details of how to celebrate these hours in the Ordo for October.