Friday, July 23, 2021

Ordo for the Ninth week after Pentecost, 2021

 Apologies - an earlier version of this post provided next week's post instead of this week's.

Notes on the Ordo for this week

The default collect for the week (the Ninth after Pentecost) can be found on pages 469* of the Monastic Diurnal.

Next Saturday's Vespers marks the start of a calendar month cycle in the Office for the Matins Scriptural readings.  As the Magnificat antiphon for Saturday Vespers follows the Matins reading cycle, it is found in a separate section of the ‘temporale’ to the collect for the relevant Sunday (which is linked to the Gospel cycle of the Mass).  You can find a more complete explanation of the reasons for this in my series on how the calendar works.

This year the feast of St James is reduced to a commemoration at Lauds.

There are two third class feasts this week SS Joachim and Anne on Monday, which has its own proper antiphons and so uses festal psalms at lauds and Vespers, and St Ignatius of Loyola.

THE ORDO

Sunday 25 July – Ninth Sunday after Pentecost; Commemoration of St James

Canticle antiphons and collect, MD 468-9*/AM 599-600; for the commemoration at Lauds, Benedictus antiphon and versicle, MD (11)/AM 624-5 and collect, MD [201]/AM 979. 

Monday 26 July – SS Joachim and Anne, Class III [EF: St Anne only]

Matins: Two nocturns with invitatory antiphon, hymn, reading, responsory, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast. 

Lauds: Festal psalms with antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle and Benedictus antiphon of the feast, MD [202]/AM 980 ff. 

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD [202]/AM 980. 

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast, MD [204] ff/AM 983. 

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds with psalms of Sunday; chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle, Magnificat antiphon and collect of the feast, MD [206-7]/AM 984. 

Tuesday 27 July – Class IV 

Wednesday 28 July – Class IV 

Thursday 29 July  Class IV; SS Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice, Memorial 

For the commemoration at Lauds, MD [207-8]. 

Friday 30 July  Class IV; SS Abdon and Sennen, Memorial 

For the commemoration at Lauds MD [208]. 

Saturday 31 July  St Ignatius of Loyola, Class III 

Matins: Two nocturns with invitatory antiphon, hymn, chapter and versicle of a confessor; reading, responsory and collect of the feast. 

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the day, chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle and Benedictus antiphon of the Common of a confessor, MD (78) ff; collect, MD [209]. 

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds of the Common, MD (78). 

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle of the Common, MD (82-3); collect of the feast, MD [209]. 

1 Vespers of the First Sunday of August: Magnificat antiphon, MD 451*; collect of the Tenth Sunday after Pentecost, MD 470*.

Saturday, July 17, 2021

On the Extraordinary Form Mass, the Benedictine Office, and enduring hardship

We woke up today to the purported abrogation of the right to freely say (for priests) or attend the Traditional Latin Mass, the ending of the rights clarified by Summorum Pontificum and Universae Ecclesiae.

Does it apply to the Office?

For what it is worth though, the new Motu proprio, Traditionis Custodes, does not explicitly refer to the Office, and so it can be argued I think, that, consistent with the canonical principle that restrictions should be read narrowly, permissions broadly, these changes do not apply to the Divine Office.

But even if it does, for those who use the Benedictine office, my understanding is that the 1962 books remain the only actually approved official books of the Benedictine order. The 1975 Thesaurus and Offices developed from it by individual communities are based on the ad experimendum permissions granted to religious orders post Vatican II. So there is no official Benedictine Office of Pope Paul VI...

This means, I would suggest, that monasteries can continue to say the traditional Benedictine Office, and so too can oblates.

Assuming I am correct , that will be cold comfort if we are then denied access to the Traditional Mass that is so integrally linked with the Office.

What possible justification can there be for this action?

It is hard to understand what possible justification this attempted suppression of the Traditional Latin Mass (EF) could have.

In my own diocese, as in many, the Traditional Mass community is the most vibrant parish in the diocese, with the youngest demographic, and a wide range of charitable, catechetical and social activities.  

In my country (Australia) it is our two traditional monasteries that are attracting young people to test their vocations, while older monasteries with an ageing population of monks and nuns are either struggling to survive or actively winding down and turning over their apostolates to lay people.

So is the aim to see the collapse of Catholic practice altogether?

And how can there be an issue with 'church unity' around having different forms of the Mass in use?  

The Mass of Paul VI, after all, provides for multiple options, and is said in many languages; and what about the Eastern Rite churches, such as Maronite, Melkite, Ukrainian, Chaldean and Syro-Malabar?  Or will these too, next be required to say the mass only in English or perhaps Italian, and in the form of the Missal of Paul VI?

As for the claim that Traditional Mass attendees might reject the Second Vatican Council, again I call bullshit.  Many do of course legitimately debate the level of authority it has and even its relevance some fifty years on: it was after all, proclaimed to be a pastoral council, and the last decades have seen the world transformed.  But that is hardly a ground for suppressing a legitimate form of the Mass that has nourished so many saints down the ages!

On the face of it this legislation marks one last deaththrow of that ageing generation of 60s clericalists trying desperately in cement in a destructive cult that has done so much to harm the Church.

Practical problems

But regardless of its claimed rationale, the Motu Proprio does not seem to be very tightly drafted and it has some serious practical problems.  

If a bishop were to deign to give permission for the Extraordinary Form Mass to be said, for example, apparently it can't be done in a parish church.  

So just where is it to be said?!  

In some places I suppose cathedrals, monasteries and shrines may be an option, but are the rest of us to be banished to house Masses?  

Could that in itself not have perverse outcomes, diametrically opposed to what is surely intended!

And in other places, where bishops are not generous, this move will surely drive some into open schism.

Perhaps it is time. 

I for one am sick of going, as I occasionally or even regularly have had to do in the past, to a local Novus Ordo parish (since any Mass is better than none and for health and other reasons can't always get across to the other side of town for the TLM) and being shocked at the outright heretical things preached in sermons, and the liturgical abuses that continue to be perpetrated, often, it seems at the direct direction of the diocesan authorities.

In the early centuries of the Church, Catholics refused to attend Arian parishes, perhaps we should too?

The call to obedience?

I think we all need to think and pray through this, and let some time pass before we decide decisively how to react.

But as followers of St Benedict, I would suggest that our first instinct should still be to obedience, even  - perhaps especially - if it brings with it hardship and suffering.  

St Benedict's instructions on humility, after all, urge us to meet obedience even when we face difficulties and contradictions, and even injustice.  He tells us to hold to obedience, and neither tire or run away but endure all things, however contrary.

Rather than being dejected, we should be pleased that God is putting us to the test, for it he who fights and endures who will reap the reward.  As St Ambrose puts it in his commentary on Psalm 118:

"Victory is the ornament not of soft and pleasure-loving people, but of those who are toughened by hard toil and diligent exercise...[he who]  accepts sufferings for sins.  He is neither overcome by weariness nor broken by fear.  He does not faint from labour.  He is not ungrateful nor is he downhearted."

Let us remember those years St Benedict spent in the wilderness of Subiaco, not even knowing, until God sent a priest to him, that it was Easter Sunday: with the aid of our patron saint we can ensure.

But we must pray hard and work for this appalling legislation to be ignored by our bishops, and quickly overturned.

Thursday, July 15, 2021

Ordo 21: Eighth week after Pentecost

 The notes below are intended to assist those wishing to say the Benedictine office according to the 1962 rubrics and calendar.  Note that the antiphons and other texts are currently of 'time throughout the year' (except where displaced by feasts as noted below).  The default collect for hours except Prime and Compline is that of the Eighth Sunday after Pentecost.  

Sunday 18 July – Eighth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

Matins: All as in the psalter with readings and responsories of the Eighth Sunday after Pentecost. 

Lauds to Vespers: All as in the psalter with canticle antiphons and collect, MD 467-8*/AM 598-9. 

Monday 19 July Class IV; St Vincent de Paul, Memorial 

All as in the psalter for throughout the year with collect MD 467-8*/AM 598; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [195]/AM 973. 

Tuesday 20 July – Class IV; SS Jerome Aemiliani, Joseph Calanctius and John Baptist de la Salle, Memorial 

All as in the psalter for throughout the year with collect MD 467-8*/AM 598; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [195-6]/AM 973. 

Wednesday 21 July – Class IV 

All as in the psalter for throughout the year with collect MD 467-8*/AM 598. 

Thursday 22 July – St Mary Magdalen, Class III 

Matins: Two nocturns with invitatory antiphon, hymn, chapter and versicle of a Holy Woman; reading, responsory and collect of the feast. 

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the day; chapter and responsory of the Common of a holy woman, MD (100)/AM 684-5; hymn, Benedictus antiphon and collect of the feast, MD [196] ff/AM 976-7. 

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds of the Common, MD (100)/AM 684. 

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle of the Common of a holy woman, MD (103)/AM 689 ff; collect, MD [198]/AM 977. 

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the day; chapter and responsory of 1 Vespers of the Common of a holy woman, MD (97)/AM 684-5; hymn, versicle, Magnificat antiphon and collect of the feast, MD [198] ff/AM 975&978. 

Friday 23 July Class IV; St Apollinaris, Memorial  

All as in the psalter for throughout the year with collect MD 467-8*/AM 598; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [200]/AM 978. 

In some monasteries: Vespers of Our Lady. 

Saturday 24 July Class IV; Saturday of Our Lady

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn, versicles, absolution, blessings, responsory, chapter and collect of the Office of Our Lady on Saturday; reading of Saturday 4&5 of July. 

Lauds: Chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle, Benedictus antiphon and collect of the Office of Our Lady, MD (129) /AM 714 ff. 

Prime: Antiphon of the Office of Our Lady, MD (131)/AM 715. 

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter, versicle and collect of the Office of Our Lady, MD (132-3) /AM 715-6. 

1 Vespers of the Ninth Sunday after Pentecost, Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 449*/AM 578&600.

Thursday, July 8, 2021

Ordo: Seventh week after Pentecost

  The liturgical season, in the 1962 Benedictine calendar, is time throughout the year (after Pentecost).

Page references below are to the Farnborough editions of the Monastic Diurnal (MD), the 1934 Antiphonale Monasticum (AM), and Liber Responsorialis (LR). 

The key feast this week is that of St Benedict, which is reduced to a commemoration where it is a Class II feast.

Sunday 11 July Seventh Sunday after Pentecost, Class II; Commemoration of the translation of the relics of St Benedict OR St Benedict, Class I (In Europe and many monasteries)

 Matins: All as in the psalter with readings and responsories of the Seventh Sunday. 

Lauds to Vespers: All as in the psalter with collect and canticle antiphons, MD 466-7*/AM 596-7; for the commemoration at Lauds only, MD [187-8]/AM 967. 

If the feast of St Benedict is Class I: 

Matins: Three nocturns with invitatory antiphon and hymn (LR 443), antiphons, versicles, readings and responsories and collect of the feast with psalms of the Common of a confessor. 

Lauds: Festal psalms with antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle, Benedictus antiphon and collect, MD [185]/AM 964 ff; commemoration of the Seventh Sunday after Pentecost, MD 466-7*/AM 596-7. 

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds of the feast, MD [185]/AM 964. 

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast, MD [188-9]/AM 967-8. 

2 Vespers of St Benedict: Psalms of Sunday (Ps 109 - 112) with antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn and collect of 1 Vespers, MD [189]/AM 960 ff; versicle and Magnificat antiphon of 2 Vespers, MD [192-3]/AM 968-9; commemoration of the Seventh Sunday after Pentecost, MD 466-7*/AM 596-7. 

Monday 12 July Class IV, St John Gualbert OSB, Memorial 

All as in the psalter for throughout the year with collect MD 467*/AM 597; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [193]/AM 969. 

Tuesday 13 July Class IV 

All as in the psalter for throughout the year with collect, MD 467*/AM 597. 

Wednesday 14 July St Bonaventure, Class III 

Matins: Two nocturns, with invitatory antiphon and hymn from Common of a confessor bishop, LR 190; antiphons and psalms of the day; reading, responsory and collect of the feast; chapter and versicle of a confessor bishop. 

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the day; chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle and Benedictus antiphon of the Common of a confessor bishop, MD (64)/AM 659 ff; collect of the feast, MD [193-4]/AM 970. 

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds of the Common, MD (64)/AM 657. 

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter and versicle of the Common, MD (67-8)/AM 662-3; collect of the feast, MD [193-4]/AM 970. 

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the day; chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle of the Common of a confessor bishop, MD (62)/AM 654 ff; Magnificat antiphon of a doctor, MD (74)/AM 665-6; collect of the feast, MD [193-4]/AM 970. 

Thursday 15 July Class IV [EF/Optional Class III: St Henry, Patron Saint of Benedictine Oblates] 

All as in the psalter for throughout the year with collect MD 467*/AM 597. 

Friday 16 July Class IV 

All as in the psalter for throughout the year with collect MD 467*/AM 597. 

In some monasteries: Vespers of Our Lady. 

Saturday 17 July – Class IV; Saturday of Our Lady; St Leo IV OSB, Memorial 

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn, versicles, absolution, blessings, responsory, chapter and collect of the Office of Our Lady on Saturday; reading of Saturday 3 of July. 

Lauds: Chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle, Benedictus antiphon and collect of the Office of Our Lady, MD (129) /AM 714 ff; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [194]/AM 972. 

Prime: Antiphon of the Office of Our Lady, MD (131)/AM 715. 

Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter, versicle and collect of the Office of Our Lady, MD (132-3) /AM 715-6. 

1 Vespers of the Eighth Sunday after Pentecost: Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 467-8*/AM 578 & 598.

Wednesday, November 25, 2020

Using an Ordo Pt 4 - Class I&II feasts

Continuing my series on using an Ordo (and reducing your reliance on them!), today Class  I&II feasts.

 Class I vs Class II: 1 Vespers

 Class I&II feasts are essentially celebrated exactly the same way in the Office.

While the difference in level affects things when there are two competing days (such as Sundays) involved, the only real distinction between them in terms of the how the Office is celebrated is that Class I feasts have a ‘1 Vespers’ in the 1962 rubrics, whereas Class II feasts do not.

And even that distinction is blurred in many of the traditional monasteries, since several do celebrate 1 Vespers for Class II feasts!

 Finding the texts

In essence, if a feast is Class I or II:

·       it will have antiphons for the psalms and canticles, as well as special texts for the chapter, responsory, versicle etc (either specific to the feast or taken from the relevant Common); and

·       it will normally have festal psalms at Matins, Lauds and Vespers. 

In terms of the antiphons to use, the Rule is, if a particular Class I or II feast does not have a set of antiphons for the psalms specific to it set out in the ‘sanctorale’ section of your Office book, you use those in the relevant Common (ie martyr, confessor, virgin, etc). 

Antiphon number four in the set is usually only used at Lauds (for the canticle). 

At Prime, the first antiphon of Lauds is used; at Terce the second; at Sext the third; and at None the fifth. 

A few feasts and days do have separate sets of antiphons for the day hours and/or Vespers, but normally Vespers uses antiphons, 1, 2, 3 and 5 of Lauds. 

December feasts 

There are two feasts in December that illustrate the two possibilities.  

The feast of the Immaculate Conception, on December 8, for example, mostly has its own specific texts, including antiphons for the psalms at all hours, as my Ordo sets out: 

Tuesday 8 December – The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class I [Patronal feast of the USA and Solesmes Congregation] 

Matins: Three Nocturns, with invitatory, hymn, antiphons, versicles, readings, responsories and collect of the feast, LR 259/MB [16] ff; psalms and canticles of the Common of the BVM. 

Lauds: Festal psalms of Sunday with antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle, Benedictus antiphon and collect of the feast, MD [13]/AM 763 ff; commemoration of the Advent day, antiphon, MD 27*/AM 200, versicle, MD 11*/AM 185 and collect (Sunday II), MD 11*/AM 198. 

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD [13]/AM 763. 

Terce to None: Antiphon [2, 3 and 5 respectively], chapter, versicle and collect of the feast, MD [16-7]/AM 766. 

Vespers: Psalms, antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn and collect of the feast as for 1 Vespers, MD [11]/AM 760 ff; versicle and Magnificat antiphon of 2 Vespers, MD [17]/AM 767; commemoration of the Advent day, antiphon, MD 27*/AM 200, versicle, MD 17*/AM 183, and collect (Sunday II), MD 11*/AM 198. 

The Le Barroux and Divinum Officium Ordos simply tell you the Class of the feast by contrast. 

The other feast is St Thomas, on December 21, which mostly just uses the Common of Apostles: 

Monday 21 December – St Thomas, Class II 

Matins: Three Nocturns, all of the Common of apostles (LR 134/MB 5* ff) except for the readings for Nocturns II&III, Gospel and collect, of the feast. 

Lauds: Festal psalms; antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of the Common of apostles, MD (9)/AM 622 ff; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the feast, MD [22-3]/AM 774; commemoration of the Advent day, antiphon (Nolite timere), MD 43*/AM 219, versicle, MD 11*/AM 185; and collect, MD 47*/AM 228. 

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds of the Common, MD (9)/AM 622. 

Terce to None: Antiphon [2,3 and 5 respectively], chapter and versicle of the Common, MD (11)/AM 625 ff; collect of the feast, MD [23]/AM 774. 

Vespers: Psalms, antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of the Common of apostles, MD (13)/AM 626 ff; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the feast, MD [22-3]/AM 774; commemoration of the Advent day, antiphon, O Oriens, MD 36*/AM 210, versicle, MD 17*/AM 183, and collect, MD 47*/AM 228. 

Questions of precedence 

Another thing to keep in mind is that if a feast or day is Class I:

·       it normally displaces all other feasts or commemorations that would have normally occurred on that day - the key exception being Advent and Lent days, which are still commemorated;

·       the feast starts from 1 Vespers the night before. 

Where a Class I or II feast occurs on a Saturday, if the Sunday is Class II, Vespers will be of the feast, with a commemoration of the Sunday. 

Summary table

 And to finish off this set of notes, here is an updated summary table of everything I have covered so far. 

Day of the week

Level of day

Effect

 

Sundays (Dominica)

Class I or II only

Start at 1 Vespers of Saturday

 

Class I

Antiphons and other texts displace normal Sunday

 

Class II

(At least) Canticle antiphons and collect of the Sunday

 

Weekdays (Feria II-VI, Sabbato)

 

Can be Class IV – Class I

 

Monday to Friday (aka feria II-VI)

 

Class IV

‘Ferial’ or ordinary psalms and texts of season with collect of the liturgical week

Saturday (Sabbato)

Class IV

Office of Our Lady on Saturday (Matins to None)

 

Monday to Saturday

Class IV + Memorial

Make a commemoration at Lauds

 

Monday to Saturday

Class III feast

At Matins, Invitatory, hymn, reading, responsory, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast (or from the Common

 

With its own antiphons

Festal psalms and antiphons with propers of the feast at Lauds and Vespers; antiphon of the feast at Prime; antiphon, chapter, versicle and collect of the feast at Terce to None.

 

Without its own antiphons

Ferial antiphons and psalms at Lauds and Vespers, rest of the feast.

Antiphon (of the Common) at Prime.

Antiphon, chapter, vesicle and collect at Terce to None.

 

 

If falls on a Saturday, or a Class I feast the next day:

 

No Vespers.

 

Class II

Matins to Vespers, with antiphons and other proper texts for the feast and/or Common.

 

 

Class I

As for Class II feasts but has 1 Vespers

 Tomorrow, I will start looking more specifically at Advent.


Tuesday, November 24, 2020

Using an Ordo Part 3 - Days vs feasts

 

In the last post in this series I looked at the impact of the level of the day on the Office for Sundays and Class IV days.  Today I want to move on to Class III days and feasts. 

Higher level days 

And this seems a good point to note a key distinction, between Class I, II and III ‘days’ of various kinds, and feasts. 

Higher level ‘days’ (as opposed to feasts) basically take two forms.  

First they can mark the fact that a day is part of a special season of the year, such as Advent and Lent, with special seasonal and daily texts associated with it.  During the first part of Advent, for example, weekdays are ‘Class III’, and have antiphons of the Advent week at Prime to None, and their own canticle antiphons for each day.  In the second, more intense part of Advent, the days are Class II, and have a complex mix of texts for the days of the week, date and Advent day. 

The other type of higher level day - things like Vigils, days in the Christmas Octave, Ash Wednesday, and Ember Days - are more eccentric in the way they are marked, so you need to be careful to consult the rubrics in your Diurnal or other book on them. 

Feasts, by contrast, have more set patterns that you can learn and remember. 

Class III feasts – and Advent days 

Consider for example, a Class III feast, of which we had St Clement this week: 

Monday 23 November – St Clement, Class III; St Felicitas, Memorial 

Divinum Officium provides a little more information, on the type of saint, which can be important if you need to draw on the texts of the relevant Common: 

S. Clementis I Papæ et Martyris III. classis 

And the Le Barroux Ordo gives the same information, as usual in more abbreviated form: 

FII 23 S. Clementis I Pp. M. 3cl….Cm. S. Felicitatis M. 

For most Class III feasts:

·       At Matins, the invitatory antiphon, hymn, chapter and versicle are either specific to the feast or taken from the Common; at least one reading and responsory, as well as the collect, will be of the feast;

·       At Lauds and Vespers, the psalms an antiphons are of the day of the week; the chapter, responsory, hymn, versicle, canticle antiphons and collect will be of the feast (or from the relevant Common);

·       At Prime to None the antiphon will be of the feast or from the Common;

·       At Terce to None, the chapter, versicle and collect are of the feast (or taken from the Common).

Advent weekdays basically follow this pattern as well, with antiphons each week (taken from Sunday Lauds) at Prime to None, but the default antiphons at Lauds and Vespers.

There is, however, one exception to the ‘psalms and antiphons of the day of the week’ rule at Lauds and Vespers, namely, where a feast has a specific set of antiphons set out in the sanctorale.  

St Clement is one of the exceptions! 

Monday, November 23, 2020

Using an Ordo Part 2 - Levels of days

In the previous post in this series on interpreting Ordos, I looked primarily at the importance of the liturgical week.  Today I want to move onto the level, or 'Class' of the day, since this determines whether or not you will be saying the ‘default’ or ferial Office, or will need to look for extra texts to supplement the psalter.

 Sundays (=Dominica/Dom)

 Sundays, for example, in the 1962 rubrics, are always either Class I or Class II. 

If the Sunday is Class II, you will normally only need the collect and canticle antiphons of the relevant week. 

If it is Class I however, there will generally be specific antiphons for the psalms, and other texts that displace the ones for the chapter, hymn, versicle and so forth that are used throughout the year or within a particular season. 

This Sunday, for example, is Class II, so just uses the normal Sunday texts at the day hours:

Sunday 22 November– Twenty-fifth and last Sunday after Pentecost/Fifth Sunday of November, Class II

 Next Sunday, however, is the First Sunday of Advent, which is Class I, and so has special texts for all of the hours, set out in the temporale section of your Office book: 

Sunday 29 November – First Sunday of Advent, Class I

 Or:

 Dominica I Adventus    I. classis (Divinum Officium)

 Or

 Dom. 29 I Adventus I cl (Le Barroux)

 Weekdays

 Weekdays can in principle be anything from Class four (IV), the lowest rank, to Class One (I).

 Class IV days: Monday to Friday (aka feria II-VI)

 If a day is Class IV, such as this Friday, it uses the normal default texts for the time of year and day: 

Friday 27 November – Class IV

= Feria Sexta infra Hebd XXIV post Octavam Pentecostes V. Novembris    IV. Classis (DO)

=FVI 27 ■ de ea 4cl. (LeB)

 So you would simply use the psalter section of your Office book, plus the relevant collect for the week.

 Class IV Saturdays (Sabbato): Office of Our Lady

If a Saturday is labelled Class IV, as is this coming Saturday, the Office of Our Lady on Saturday is used from Matins to None instead of some of the standard Saturday texts in the psalter: 

Saturday 28 November – Class IV; Saturday of Our Lady

Sanctae Mariae Sabbato    IV. Classis (DO)

Sab. 28 de B.M.V. 4cl (LE B)

 The relevant texts are found near the end of the Commons in most Office books. The Office of Our Lady has a few variants for the period after Christmas, and in Eastertide, but otherwise stays the same throughout the year, with the exception of the reading at Matins.

 Note that prior to 1962, the Office of Our Lady had 1 Vespers (said on Friday night) and some monasteries still retain this custom. 

Memorials

 If a day is Class IV with a Memorial, the key addition is that a ‘commemoration’ (canticle antiphon, versicle, collect, in that order after the collect of the day) is made at Lauds only.

 So this Tuesday for example, is described in my Ordo as:

 Tuesday 24 November – Class IV; SS John of the Cross and Chrysogonus, memorials

 My own Ordo gives you the relevant page number (‘for the commemorations at Lauds, MD [382-3]/AM 1148-9’), but it is easy to find in the Diurnal at least under the correct date in the Sanctoral section.

 Divinum Officium tells you to make the commemoration at Lauds:

Feria Tertia infra Hebd XXIV post Octavam Pentecostes V. Novembris    IV. Classis. Commemoratio ad Laudes tantum: S. Joannis a Cruce Confessoris et Ecclesiæ Doctoris

 And the Le Barroux Ordo also includes an additional commemoration specific to their calendar (ie not in the General Calendar of the Order):

 FIII 24 de ea 4cl

Cm. S. Ioannis a Cruce…dein cm. S. Chrysogoni…

As Le Barroux includes quite a few extra feasts in their calendar, you need to keep an eye out for these, as they may not appear in your Office book.


Summary

Day of the week

Level of day

Effect

Sundays (Dominica)

Class I or II only

Start at 1 Vespers of Saturday

 

Class I

Antiphons and other texts displace normal Sunday

 

Class II

(At least) Canticle antiphons and collect of the Sunday

 

Weekdays (Feria II-VI, Sabbato)

 

Can be Class IV - I

 

Monday to Friday (aka feria II-VI)

 

Class IV

‘Ferial’ or ordinary psalms and texts of season with collect of the liturgical week

Saturday (Sabbato)

Class IV

Office of Our Lady on Saturday (Matins to None)

 

Monday to Saturday

Class IV + Memorial

Make a commemoration at Lauds

 More tomorrow, on the various levels of days and feasts.